Global Health: Crash Course Public Health #9 | Summary and Q&A

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September 29, 2022
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Global Health: Crash Course Public Health #9

TL;DR

Global Health is a public health approach that aims to improve health for everyone in the world, but it faces challenges in eliminating health equity gaps and addressing the leading causes of death in different countries.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is Global Health?

Global Health is a public health approach that aims to improve health for everyone worldwide while reducing health disparities caused by factors like nationality, income, and gender.

Q: What were the leading causes of death in the past and present?

In the past, communicable diseases were the leading causes of death. However, non-communicable diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases, now account for most global deaths.

Q: How does Global Health address communicable diseases?

Global Health uses a coordinated response to combat communicable diseases, implementing interventions, vaccinations, and education campaigns to eliminate them globally. The eradication of smallpox is a successful example of this approach.

Q: Why do non-communicable diseases have a higher impact in high-income countries?

Non-communicable diseases account for a greater proportion of deaths in high-income countries due to improved healthcare for communicable diseases and increased life expectancy. Lifestyle factors and genetic predisposition contribute to the prevalence of non-communicable diseases.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Global Health is a public health approach focused on improving health for all and reducing health equity gaps.

  • Communicable diseases, such as malaria and the flu, are not the leading causes of death in most places worldwide.

  • Non-communicable diseases, such as cancer and heart disease, are the leading causes of death globally, with their prevalence influenced by a country's income.

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