How do you define addiction? Chronic Disease Model of Addiction | Summary and Q&A

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March 6, 2020
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How do you define addiction? Chronic Disease Model of Addiction

TL;DR

Addiction is not solely a matter of choice, physiological dependence, or a brain disease. It is a chronic treatable medical condition influenced by various factors.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How does the moral model of addiction impact treatment outcomes?

The moral model, which views addiction as a personal failing, can lead to stigmatization and hinder treatment. Individuals with addiction may feel worse about themselves and face barriers in seeking help.

Q: Can detox alone cure addiction?

Detox is not a comprehensive treatment. It may address physiological dependence, but it does not address the underlying causes or behavioral changes needed for long-term recovery.

Q: What are the limitations of viewing addiction as solely a brain disease?

The brain disease model neglects environmental and social factors and fails to recognize that many individuals recover without treatment. It also overlooks the importance of behavioral changes in managing addiction.

Q: How does adopting a comprehensive model benefit patients?

A comprehensive model acknowledges the various dimensions of addiction, including biological, psychological, socio-economic, and spiritual aspects. It provides a more holistic approach to treatment and instills hope in patients.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Addiction is often conceptualized differently by different people, leading to varying beliefs and attitudes towards it.

  • Myth #1: Addiction is solely a matter of choice. While personal choice plays a role, social conditions and policies also contribute to addiction.

  • Myth #2: Addiction is solely physiological dependence. Dependence is only one aspect, and detox alone is not a sufficient treatment for substance use disorders.

  • Myth #3: Addiction is solely a brain disease. Neglecting environmental and social factors limits understanding and hinders holistic treatment.

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