The Metric System - Basic Introduction | Summary and Q&A

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August 25, 2022
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The Organic Chemistry Tutor
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The Metric System - Basic Introduction

TL;DR

An analysis of the metric system and unit conversions, including prefixes, multipliers, conversion factors, and step-by-step examples.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is the multiplier and symbol for deca in the metric system?

The multiplier for deca is 10 to the 1, or simply 10, and its symbol is "da" in the metric system.

Q: How would you convert 478 meters to kilometers using the metric system?

To convert meters to kilometers, we use the conversion factor 1 kilometer = 1000 meters. Thus, 478 meters is equal to 0.478 kilometers.

Q: What is the prefix and multiplier for micro in the metric system?

The prefix for micro is represented by the symbol lowercase "μ", and its multiplier is 10 to the -6.

Q: How would you convert 0.236 liters to milliliters using the metric system?

0.236 liters is equal to 236 milliliters using the conversion factor 1 liter = 1000 milliliters.

Q: What are the common prefixes used in the metric system?

The most common prefixes used in the metric system are kilo, mega, giga, tera, and pico, representing various magnitudes of measurement.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The metric system uses prefixes to represent different magnitudes, with deca (10), hecto (100), kilo (1,000), mega (1,000,000), and giga (1,000,000,000) being commonly used.

  • Conversion factors are written by attaching a 1 to the prefix and the multiplier to the base unit, such as meters or liters.

  • Conversion between units is done by canceling out the unwanted unit and using the appropriate conversion factors.

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