Sartre and the philosophy of radical freedom | Sean Kelly and Lex Fridman | Summary and Q&A

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October 4, 2021
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Lex Clips
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Sartre and the philosophy of radical freedom | Sean Kelly and Lex Fridman

TL;DR

Heidegger explains that throneness, our inherent circumstances, shapes us, but we still have the ability to make decisions and take responsibility for our lives.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is throneness, and how does it shape our lives?

Throneness refers to the circumstances and situations we are born into, including our historical background and parental lineage. It organizes our lives without our choice, influencing our experiences and perspectives.

Q: Can we escape throneness entirely?

No, we cannot escape throneness completely. While we cannot control the circumstances we are born into, we still have the freedom to make decisions and navigate our lives within those given constraints.

Q: Why is taking responsibility for our decisions important?

Taking responsibility for our decisions is crucial because our choices define who we are. It is through our decisions that we shape our identities and determine the kind of person we become.

Q: What is the alternative view to radical freedom?

The alternative view, seen in philosophers like Plato, suggests that our identities and abilities are predetermined based on factors like innate qualities or genetic makeup. This view limits our potential by categorizing us independently of our choices.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Heidegger discusses the concept of throneness, where we are thrown into situations and circumstances that we don't choose but still impact our lives.

  • Despite not having control over our throneness, we can make decisions and take responsibility for our actions and choices.

  • The existentialist perspective opposes the idea that our identities are predetermined and limited, instead promoting the concept of radical freedom.

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