How humans and AI can work together to create better businesses | Sylvain Duranton | Summary and Q&A

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How humans and AI can work together to create better businesses | Sylvain Duranton

TL;DR

In this talk, the speaker discusses the importance of combining human judgment with artificial intelligence for optimal decision-making and the potential dangers of relying solely on AI.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How does artificial intelligence (AI) operate in a similar way to bureaucracies?

AI operates like bureaucracies because it relies solely on rules and procedures to make decisions. It favors rules and procedures over human judgment, just like bureaucracies do. AI makes decisions based on rules inferred from past data, without considering human input or context.

Q: Is there a real risk in relying solely on AI to make decisions?

Yes, there is a real risk in relying solely on AI to make decisions. The speaker, who is a leader of a team of AI specialists, has seen many corporate executives adopting a "human-zero mindset" where they want to replace humans with AI to make decisions. This can lead to a terrifying form of new bureaucracy where AI takes critical decisions based solely on rules, outside of any human control.

Q: What are the consequences of AI making decisions without human involvement?

When AI makes decisions without human involvement, there can be dumb, harmless consequences like in the example of an AI recommending more toilet seats to someone who had purchased one. However, there can also be more serious consequences, such as an AI engine rejecting a student application for university based on past data and rules, without considering individual circumstances or potential for growth.

Q: What is the alternative to relying solely on AI for decision-making?

The alternative to relying solely on AI for decision-making is adopting a "Human plus AI" approach. This involves integrating AI technology with human judgment and expertise. While this approach may be more time-consuming, costly, and difficult to implement, it has the potential for greater effectiveness and growth. It allows humans to work alongside AI, using their knowledge and insights to complement the capabilities of the technology.

Q: How can organizations effectively deploy AI with human involvement?

To effectively deploy AI with human involvement, organizations need to prioritize the integration of AI technology with people and processes. The speaker emphasizes that 70% of the effort should be focused on weaving AI with human expertise and ensuring strong interfaces for collaboration. It involves coding algorithms with the input of both data scientists and domain experts, building interfaces that allow humans and AI to solve problems together, and defining ethical rules and standards to set boundaries for AI's actions. By prioritizing the combination of human knowledge and AI, organizations can maximize the benefits of AI in their teams and processes.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Many companies have been trying to become less bureaucratic, but the introduction of AI may actually make them more bureaucratic if human judgment is not kept in the loop.

  • The "Human plus AI" approach, which involves the collaboration between humans and AI, is more effective and leads to better decision-making compared to relying solely on AI.

  • The deployment of AI needs to prioritize the integration of AI with people and processes, as well as the development of interfaces that allow effective collaboration between humans and AI.

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