Conflict in Israel and Palestine through 2015: Crash Course World History #223 | Summary and Q&A

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January 28, 2015
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Conflict in Israel and Palestine through 2015: Crash Course World History #223

TL;DR

The conflict between Israel and Palestine is primarily about land, not religion, and emerged during the late 19th century due to competing nationalistic movements.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How did the late 19th century nationalism movements contribute to the conflict between Israel and Palestine?

The rise of nationalism during the late 19th century fueled the desire for self-determination among different groups in Palestine, including Jewish Zionists who sought a state for Jews. This desire for a homeland led to clashes with Palestinian Arabs and set the stage for the later conflict.

Q: What were the main factors that led to the partition of Palestine?

The Balfour Declaration promised a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine, but conflicting promises made to other groups, such as the French and the Arab states, complicated the situation. The increasing Jewish immigration and settlement, along with tensions between different religious and ethnic groups, led to the decision to partition Palestine.

Q: How did the Six-Day War in 1967 impact the conflict?

Israel's victory in the Six-Day War resulted in the occupation of the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula, and Golan Heights. This further escalated tensions and complicated peace efforts, as Israel gained control over territories that were meant to be part of a future Palestinian state.

Q: What are some of the key challenges to achieving peace between Israel and Palestine?

One of the main challenges is the competing historical narratives and the lack of recognition and understanding of each other's legitimacy. Other factors include the status of Jerusalem, Jewish settlements in occupied territories, the right of return for Palestinian refugees, and the ongoing violence and security concerns for both parties.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • In the late 19th century, the Ottoman Empire ruled over Palestine, with a diverse population of Muslims, Christians, and Jews living peacefully together.

  • The concept of Jewish nationalism, known as Zionism, emerged during this time and gained support among secular Jews who believed in establishing a state for Jews.

  • After World War I, the British attempted to fulfill conflicting promises to different groups, leading to tensions, immigration, violence, and the eventual partition of Palestine.

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