The Time Paradox | Philip Zimbardo & John Boyd | Talks at Google | Summary and Q&A

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October 9, 2008
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Talks at Google
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The Time Paradox | Philip Zimbardo & John Boyd | Talks at Google

TL;DR

Understanding time perspectives can significantly influence psychology, relationships, and decision-making in one's life.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How do time perspectives influence decision-making?

Time perspectives can shape decision-making by influencing the factors individuals take into account, such as immediate pleasure, past experiences, or anticipated consequences in the future. For example, present-oriented individuals may prioritize immediate gratification over long-term goals.

Q: How does being present-oriented affect risky behavior and addiction?

Present-oriented individuals are more likely to engage in risky behaviors and addiction due to their focus on immediate pleasure without adequately considering future consequences. They may have a higher propensity for impulsivity and sensation-seeking.

Q: Can time perspectives be changed or balanced?

Yes, time perspectives can be changed and balanced. It requires a conscious effort to shift between different perspectives depending on the demands of the situation. Balancing perspectives, such as being moderately high in past positive, future-oriented, and present hedonistic dimensions, can lead to a more fulfilling and successful life.

Q: How do time perspectives impact relationships?

Time perspectives can influence relationships by affecting individuals' focus on the past, present, or future. For example, past positive individuals may value family traditions and connect to their personal identity, while future-oriented individuals may prioritize long-term goals that can impact their interpersonal connections.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Drs. Phil Zimbardo and John Boyd discuss their book "The Time Paradox" and how one's perception of time affects various aspects of their life.

  • Time perspectives, categorized as past positive/negative, present hedonistic/fatalistic, and future oriented/transcendental, can shape individuals' decision-making and behaviors.

  • Present-oriented individuals tend to prioritize immediate pleasures and experiences, while future-oriented individuals focus on goals and consequences of their actions.

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