9. Cognitive Development: How Do Children Think? (audio only) | Summary and Q&A

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September 18, 2023
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9. Cognitive Development: How Do Children Think? (audio only)

TL;DR

Children's cognitive development involves understanding concepts like object permanence, number sense, and theory of mind.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is the difference between infants and adults in understanding object permanence?

Infants have a limited understanding of object permanence, whereas adults recognize that objects continue to exist even when they are out of sight. This development occurs gradually over the first few years of life.

Q: How do children develop a sense of number?

Children have an innate sense of number, which allows them to recognize quantities and perform basic math operations. This sense of number becomes more refined through experience and education.

Q: What is theory of mind?

Theory of mind refers to the ability to understand that others have their own thoughts, beliefs, and desires that may differ from one's own. This concept develops gradually in childhood and is essential for social interaction and understanding.

Q: Why do children struggle with tasks that require them to take another person's perspective?

Children's egocentric behavior limits their ability to see situations from another person's point of view. They may have difficulty understanding that others have different knowledge and beliefs than their own.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Children have a basic understanding of objects and their properties, such as knowing that objects don't interpenetrate and that objects have essences.

  • Babies have innate knowledge about numerosity and can subitize small quantities, and they can also perform basic math operations like addition and subtraction.

  • Children struggle with tasks that require them to take another person's perspective, such as understanding false beliefs.

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