L11.3 A Linear Function of a Continuous Random Variable  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
The probability density function (PDF) of a linear function of a continuous random variable can be found by scaling and shifting the original PDF.
Questions & Answers
Q: How does the PDF of a linear function of a continuous random variable compare to the original PDF?
The PDF of a linear function is obtained by scaling and shifting the original PDF. The scaling factor is the constant term in the linear function and the shift is the constant term as well.
Q: Why is it necessary to vertically scale the resulting PDF?
The vertical scaling is necessary to ensure that the total area under the curve of the PDF is equal to 1. This scaling factor is determined by the absolute value of the constant term in the linear function.
Q: What happens to the PDF if the constant term in the linear function is negative?
If the constant term is negative, the direction of the inequality in the CDF formula gets reversed. The resulting PDF is equal to the negative of the original PDF, scaled and shifted accordingly.
Q: Are there any differences between the formulas for the PDF of a linear function for continuous and discrete random variables?
The formulas have the same appearance, but in the case of continuous random variables, a vertical scaling factor is present. In the discrete case, this scaling factor is not needed.
Summary & Key Takeaways

To find the PDF of a linear function of a continuous random variable, start with the original PDF and scale it horizontally by a factor of the constant in the linear function.

The PDF also gets shifted horizontally by the constant in the linear function.

The resulting PDF needs to be vertically scaled to ensure the total area under the curve is equal to 1.