The Angel of Death | Summary and Q&A

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May 27, 2018
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The Angel of Death

TL;DR

Josef Mengele, also known as the "Angel of Death," was a German doctor who conducted horrifying experiments on prisoners at Auschwitz during World War II, leading to the deaths of over a million innocent people.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How did Josef Mengele get the nickname "Angel of Death"?

Mengele was given this nickname by the survivors of Auschwitz because he had the power to determine who would be sent to work camps and who would be sent to gas chambers, directly influencing their fate.

Q: What were some of the experiments that Josef Mengele conducted?

Mengele's experiments focused on twins and included separating them to study their differences, gouging out eyes to compare them, and conducting various medical experiments, often resulting in death.

Q: How did Josef Mengele evade capture after World War II?

Mengele fled to Argentina, which openly accepted Nazi fugitives, where he lived under a false name and worked in a small pharmaceutical business and as a farmer. He then moved to Paraguay before his death.

Q: When was Josef Mengele finally discovered and identified?

It is believed that the Israeli Intelligence Agency, Mossad, found Mengele living in São Paulo, Brazil in 1962. However, due to budget constraints and other priorities, they were unable to pursue him at the time.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Auschwitz was a concentration camp in Southern Poland where over a million people were murdered during World War II.

  • Josef Mengele, known as the "Angel of Death," was the SS official who decided the fate of prisoners, sending them to work camps or gas chambers.

  • Mengele's background, education, and alignment with Nazi ideologies led him to carry out atrocious experiments on prisoners, especially twins, during his time at Auschwitz.

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