L21.3 Integral equation for scattering and Green's function | Summary and Q&A

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February 14, 2019
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L21.3 Integral equation for scattering and Green's function

TL;DR

Integral equations and Green's functions are used to solve complicated scattering problems in quantum mechanics.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is the advantage of using integral equations in solving scattering problems?

Integral equations provide a simpler way to solve complicated scattering problems compared to directly solving the Schrodinger equation with the potential term included.

Q: How is the Green's function defined in this context?

The Green's function is a function that solves a similar equation to the scattering equation, but with a delta function as the source term. It represents the response of the system to a localized disturbance.

Q: How are integral equations and Green's functions related?

Integral equations are solved using Green's functions, which are designed to give solutions that satisfy the equation with a delta function as the source term. The Green's function acts as a kind of "kernel" in the integral equation.

Q: Can integral equations be used for all scattering problems?

Integral equations are especially useful when the potential is not spherical and when the problem does not have spherical symmetry. However, for problems with spherical symmetry, phase shifts can be a more powerful method.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The professor introduces integral equations as a new way of thinking about solving the scattering amplitude in quantum mechanics.

  • The integral scattering equation is derived and explained in terms of the Schrodinger equation.

  • The concept of Green's functions is introduced as a way to solve integral equations and simplify the solution of the scattering equation.

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