Series RLC Circuits, Resonant Frequency, Inductive Reactance & Capacitive Reactance - AC Circuits | Summary and Q&A

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January 10, 2018
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The Organic Chemistry Tutor
Series RLC Circuits, Resonant Frequency, Inductive Reactance & Capacitive Reactance - AC Circuits

TL;DR

This video explains how to calculate the capacitive reactance, inductive reactance, impedance, RMS current, voltage across components, power consumed, and resonant frequency in a series RLC circuit.

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Q: How do you calculate the capacitive reactance in a series RLC circuit?

The formula for capacitive reactance (XC) is 1 divided by 2πFC, where F is the frequency and C is the capacitance. In this example, XC is calculated to be 66.3 ohms.

Q: How do you calculate the inductive reactance in a series RLC circuit?

The formula for inductive reactance (XL) is 2πFL, where L is the inductance. In this example, XL is calculated to be 37.7 ohms.

Q: How do you calculate the impedance in a series RLC circuit?

The impedance (Z) can be calculated using the formula Z = √(R^2 + (XL - XC)^2), where R is the resistance, XL is the inductive reactance, and XC is the capacitive reactance. In this example, Z is calculated to be 41.45 ohms.

Q: How do you calculate the RMS current in a series RLC circuit?

The RMS current can be calculated using the formula current = voltage / impedance. In this example, the RMS current is calculated to be 0.3619 amps.

Q: How do you calculate the voltage across the resistor, inductor, and capacitor in a series RLC circuit?

The voltage across each component can be calculated by multiplying the current with the respective reactance of each component. In this example, the voltage across the resistor is 10.857 volts, across the inductor is 13.644 volts, and across the capacitor is 23.994 volts.

Q: How do you calculate the power consumed in a series RLC circuit?

The power absorbed by the resistor is the power consumed by the circuit. It can be calculated using the formula power = current^2 * resistance. In this example, the power consumed is 3.929 watts.

Q: How can you confirm the power consumed in a series RLC circuit using another formula?

The power consumed can also be calculated using the formula power = voltage * current * power factor, where power factor is the resistance divided by the impedance. In this example, the power consumed is also calculated to be 3.929 watts.

Q: How do you calculate the resonant frequency of a series RLC circuit?

The resonant frequency can be calculated using the formula 1 / (2π√(LC)), where L is the inductance and C is the capacitance. In this example, the resonant frequency is 79.6 Hertz.

Summary & Key Takeaways

• The video demonstrates how to calculate the capacitive reactance and inductive reactance in a series RLC circuit.

• It further shows how to calculate the impedance in the circuit using the resistance, inductive reactance, and capacitive reactance.

• The video also covers calculating the RMS current and the voltage across the resistor, inductor, and capacitor, as well as the power consumed and resonant frequency of the circuit.