Stanford XCS224U: NLU I In-context Learning, Part 4: Techniques and Suggested Methods I Spring 2023 | Summary and Q&A

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August 17, 2023
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Stanford XCS224U: NLU I In-context Learning, Part 4: Techniques and Suggested Methods I Spring 2023

TL;DR

The content discusses techniques for effective in-context learning, including the use of demonstrations, chain of thought, self-ask, and prompt rewriting.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is the core concept of demonstrations in in-context learning?

Demonstrations involve showing examples of desired behaviors to the model, which can help improve its performance in answering questions or completing tasks. The examples can be retrieved from existing data or generated by the language model itself.

Q: How can demonstrations be chosen effectively?

Demonstrations can be chosen based on their relationship to the target example. For example, in generation tasks, examples similar to the target input can be selected. In classification tasks, demonstrations that include all possible labels in the dataset can be chosen.

Q: What is the chain of thought technique in in-context learning?

Chain of thought involves constructing demonstrations that guide the model in reasoning step-by-step towards the desired answer. This technique helps the model expose its own reasoning process and arrive at the correct answer.

Q: How can prompt rewriting be used in in-context learning?

Prompt rewriting involves iteratively rewriting parts of the prompt, such as demonstrations, context passages, questions, or answers. This technique can be used to synthesize information, align the prompt with the model's capabilities, and improve model performance.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Demonstrations are powerful in-context learning techniques that involve showing examples of desired behaviors to the model.

  • Selecting demonstrations based on their relationship to the target example can improve model performance.

  • Chain of thought and self-ask are techniques that encourage step-by-step reasoning and iterative questioning to arrive at the desired answer.

  • Prompt rewriting can be used to synthesize information and improve model performance.

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