Why good ideas get trapped in the valley of death— and how to rescue them | Summary and Q&A

775.4K views
April 6, 2021
by
TED-Ed
YouTube video player
Why good ideas get trapped in the valley of death— and how to rescue them

TL;DR

Zero-carbon technologies face obstacles in reaching the market, including high costs, long timelines, and low demand. Government initiatives, such as financing and incentives, are necessary to help these technologies succeed.

Install to Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Transcripts

Questions & Answers

Q: Why do complex physical object innovations, particularly in regulated industries, often struggle to reach the market?

Complex physical object innovations in highly regulated industries, such as medicine and transportation, face additional obstacles due to safety regulations. These obstacles can scare off investors, leading to a lack of funding and trapping good ideas in the "valley of death."

Q: What makes zero-carbon technologies particularly vulnerable in the "valley of death"?

Zero-carbon technologies face high costs, long timelines, and low demand. Their costs make it difficult to lower the prices since practicing and refining the technology requires funding from investors who are hesitant to invest in expensive projects.

Q: How can governments help zero-carbon technologies overcome the barriers?

Governments can play a crucial role in closing the funding gap for zero-carbon technologies. Initiatives such as increased spending on research and development, tax and loan incentives for startups, and putting a price on carbon emissions can help these technologies succeed.

Q: What are some success stories of government initiatives supporting renewable energy?

Germany, the US, and China have successfully supported the adoption of solar energy by offering government loans, incentives, and obligations for utility companies. Denmark's investment in wind power and taxes on fossil fuel-based competitors also led to significant cost reductions for wind energy.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Zero-carbon technologies, essential for addressing global issues like climate change, often struggle to reach the market due to funding challenges and regulatory barriers.

  • The development phase of these technologies is costly and time-consuming, and demand is low due to the need for infrastructure and behavior changes.

  • Government support, as seen in successful cases with solar and wind energy, can help overcome these barriers and make zero-carbon technologies more accessible and affordable.

Share This Summary 📚

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on:

Explore More Summaries from TED-Ed 📚

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on: