The Dynamics of Network Effects and the Near Future of AI: A Look into the Changing Landscape


Hatched by Glasp

Aug 09, 2023

4 min read


The Dynamics of Network Effects and the Near Future of AI: A Look into the Changing Landscape


In today's interconnected world, network effects play a crucial role in the success of businesses. However, these network effects are not static; they are constantly evolving and becoming more dynamic than ever before. To thrive in this ever-changing landscape, companies need to understand three key aspects: their value proposition, their users/inventory, and their competitive ecosystem. Additionally, the future of artificial intelligence (AI) lies in action-driven systems that leverage external cognitive assets. In this article, we will explore these concepts and provide actionable advice for businesses to adapt and succeed.

Understanding Your Value Proposition:

Not all products are created equal when it comes to network effects. It is essential for founders to identify the value proposition that drives their network effects and determine whether they are weak or strong. By closely monitoring the evolution of their value proposition, businesses can stay ahead of the curve. For example, in ridesharing, once the wait time exceeds five minutes, riders become indifferent to the number of available drivers in the network. This shift in value proposition highlights the importance of understanding and adapting to changing user preferences.

Users and Inventory: Differentiation is Key:

Another crucial factor in projecting network effects is the differentiation of users and inventory. Commoditized inventory, such as on-demand storage or delivery services, may reach a saturation point where network effects plateau. However, platforms with more differentiated inventory, tailored to unique customer preferences, experience stronger and longer-lasting network effects. These platforms not only achieve a base level of liquidity but also continue to attract new supply, resulting in increasing returns. To maintain the strength of network effects, platforms must excel at curation and matching to deliver the best user experience.

Identifying Incremental Users:

When forecasting network effects and growth strategies, businesses must consider the type of incremental users they are likely to attract. Are these users contributors who add value to the network or contaminants who detract from the overall experience? By incentivizing desired users and disincentivizing undesirable ones, platforms can ensure the continued success of their network effects. Investing in curation mechanisms, such as user reviews or onboarding processes, helps filter out bad inventory and maintain a high-quality user base.

Competition and Network Overlap:

Not all markets are created equal when it comes to network effects. The presence of network overlap, where users are unable to accomplish their goals on a single platform, weakens network effects. In multi-tenant platforms, operators face increased pressure in terms of pricing, features, and liquidity. To mitigate this, businesses must strive to provide a seamless and comprehensive solution to meet users' needs. By addressing network overlap and reducing switching costs, companies can strengthen their network effects and maintain a competitive edge.

The Near Future of AI: Action-Driven Systems:

In the realm of artificial intelligence, the future lies in action-driven systems. Language Learning Models (LLMs) excel at question-answering tasks when prompted to "think step by step." However, these models can achieve even better results by leveraging external cognitive assets. By incorporating tools like search engines, code interpreters, or human chats, LLMs can enhance their capabilities and deliver more accurate and efficient outcomes. The integration of reinforcement learning can further optimize these systems and improve results based on predefined metrics of interest.

Actionable Advice for Businesses:

  • 1. Continuously evaluate and adapt your value proposition to meet changing user preferences. Stay ahead of the curve by understanding how your network effects may evolve over time.
  • 2. Invest in differentiating your inventory to strengthen and lengthen network effects. Understand your users' unique preferences and curate the platform to provide the best matching experience.
  • 3. Mitigate network overlap and reduce switching costs to maintain a competitive advantage. Provide a comprehensive solution that addresses users' needs, eliminating the need for multiple platforms.


Network effects and the future of AI are intertwined, shaping the way businesses operate and succeed. By understanding the dynamics of network effects and leveraging external cognitive assets, companies can adapt to the changing landscape and thrive in an increasingly interconnected world. By focusing on value proposition, users/inventory, competition, and action-driven AI systems, businesses can position themselves for long-term success and drive exponential growth.

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