The Power User Curve: The Best Way to Understand Your Most Engaged Users - Andreessen Horowitz


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Sep 07, 2023

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The Power User Curve: The Best Way to Understand Your Most Engaged Users - Andreessen Horowitz

"How to Do Great Work"

Title: Unleashing Potential: Understanding User Engagement and Maximizing Productivity


In today's digital age, understanding user engagement is crucial for businesses to thrive. One powerful tool that provides insights into user behavior is the Power User Curve. This curve, also known as the activity histogram or L30, allows entrepreneurs to analyze the engagement levels of their most loyal and active users. By examining this curve, businesses can identify critical product releases or marketing efforts that have influenced user engagement. In this article, we will explore the Power User Curve, its advantages over traditional engagement metrics, and how it can be used to optimize user engagement and productivity.

The Power User Curve: Unveiling Engagement Patterns:

The Power User Curve offers a comprehensive overview of users' engagement by showcasing the number of days they were active within a given timeframe. Unlike daily active users (DAU) or monthly active users (MAU), the Power User Curve highlights the variability among users. It reveals if a business has a core group of power users who are highly engaged and return to the product or service consistently.

By mapping the Power User Curve to cohorts, businesses can evaluate if their engagement is improving over time. This analysis is crucial for assessing the success of product launches and feature changes. Additionally, the Power User Curve can be tailored to specific user actions, providing deeper insights into user behavior beyond app opens. This flexibility allows businesses to understand engagement levels for specific actions that are critical to their product or service.

Maximizing User Engagement:

The Power User Curve serves as a powerful tool for entrepreneurs to identify opportunities for increasing user engagement. When analyzing the curve, businesses should aim to see a positive trend over time, where users shift towards the right side of the curve. This shift indicates that the platform is retaining and growing its power users.

However, when low engagement is observed, businesses should consider alternative revenue streams. Some products, such as investing platforms or professional networks, may not have daily usage as a primary metric for success. In these cases, it is essential to explore monetization strategies that align with users' infrequent engagement. Additionally, businesses should evaluate whether a significant portion of their user base is not experiencing the "aha moment" and adjust onboarding or core experiences accordingly.

Different Timeframes, Different Insights:

While the Power User Curve is typically analyzed over a monthly timeframe, it can also be beneficial to examine engagement patterns over shorter periods. For productivity or SaaS products, analyzing engagement on a weekly basis may be more appropriate. This approach accounts for the natural weekly cycle of users' engagement, such as work-related products that see higher usage during weekdays.

Furthermore, plotting the Power User Curve for different weekly or monthly active user cohorts can provide valuable insights into the growth of power users. By observing the shift towards higher-frequency engagement within cohorts, businesses can assess the effectiveness of their network effects and liquidity. This analysis helps identify areas where newer cohorts are gradually improving and becoming more engaged.

Actionable Advice for Optimal Engagement:

To optimize user engagement and productivity, entrepreneurs can implement the following three actionable advice based on the insights provided by the Power User Curve:

  • 1. Identify and Double Down on Power Users: Analyze the Power User Curve to identify your most engaged and loyal users. Focus on understanding what drives these users and double down on features or experiences that cater to their needs. By providing value to power users, businesses can increase engagement and potentially convert other users into power users.
  • 2. Explore Alternative Revenue Streams: For products with infrequent user engagement, explore alternative revenue streams that can effectively monetize engaged users. Consider whether there are specific user segments that engage more frequently and find ways to attract more users from these segments. Additionally, evaluate any barriers preventing a significant portion of the user base from experiencing the core value of the product and make necessary improvements.
  • 3. Continuously Assess and Improve: Regularly analyze the Power User Curve to assess the effectiveness of product launches, feature changes, and overall user engagement. Look for trends and patterns over time and make data-driven decisions to optimize engagement. Continuously evaluate user feedback, iterate on the product, and prioritize enhancements that align with users' needs and preferences.


Understanding user engagement is vital for businesses to thrive in today's digital landscape. The Power User Curve provides entrepreneurs with a comprehensive and nuanced view of user engagement. By leveraging this curve, businesses can identify critical moments that influence engagement, optimize engagement strategies, and maximize productivity. By implementing actionable advice based on insights from the Power User Curve, businesses can unleash the full potential of their most engaged users and drive long-term success.

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