The Power of Independent Thinking: Authority, Attention, and Open-mindedness


Hatched by Glasp

Aug 17, 2023

3 min read


The Power of Independent Thinking: Authority, Attention, and Open-mindedness


In today's information-driven world, it is crucial to develop the ability to think independently and critically. This article explores the concepts of authority, attention, and open-mindedness, highlighting their significance in forming well-grounded beliefs and fostering intellectual growth. By understanding the relationship between these elements, individuals can enhance their capacity for independent thinking and make more informed decisions.

Authority & Merit:

The notion of "Authority & Merit" suggests that the true value of an argument lies not in the authority behind it, but in the merit it carries. Simply put, relying solely on someone else's name or authority to support a point undermines the credibility of the argument. Authentic merit stems from the ability to present logical reasoning and evidence to substantiate one's beliefs. When we believe in something to be correct, it is essential to focus on showcasing our work and rationalizing our thoughts, rather than relying on external validation.

Paying Attention:

Albert Einstein's approach to scientific research exemplifies the importance of paying attention. He possessed the remarkable ability to sift through an enormous amount of information, selecting only the experiments and journal articles that were both correct and relevant. This wide funnel and tight filter approach allowed him to build theories based on the right information. Similarly, in our pursuit of knowledge, we should be willing to explore any subject that piques our interest. However, we must also develop the discernment to abandon information that does not contribute to our intellectual growth. By asking ourselves, "Will I still care about this in a year?" we prioritize permanent knowledge over temporary information, fostering a long-term thinking mindset.

Memorable Takeaways:

In the realm of learning, it is often the sentences and stories that leave a lasting impact on our minds. While entire books may contain valuable insights, it is the succinct and poignant statements that resonate with us the most. Recognizing this, we can approach our reading habits with a mindset of extracting meaningful takeaways. By focusing on capturing the essence of a text, we can distill the most significant ideas and concepts, thereby enhancing our retention and application of knowledge.


A key aspect of independent thinking is the ability to embrace differing viewpoints. Charlie Munger, the renowned investor, emphasizes the value of extreme objectivity. He draws inspiration from Charles Darwin, who actively sought to disprove his own ideas by recording any evidence that contradicted his beliefs. To cultivate open-mindedness, one strategy is to seek out individuals whose perspectives on certain topics we respect. By acknowledging that these individuals are not "crazy," we create a mental framework that allows us to consider their thoughts on other subjects, even if we initially disagree. This approach expands our intellectual horizons and encourages us to challenge our preconceived notions.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Embrace independent thinking: Challenge yourself to develop and articulate your own ideas, rather than relying on external authorities for validation. Focus on building a solid foundation of knowledge and evidence to support your beliefs.
  • 2. Cultivate selective attention: Practice the habit of filtering information and prioritizing what truly matters. Regularly ask yourself if the knowledge you gain is likely to have long-term value, helping you develop a discerning mindset and avoid getting overwhelmed by irrelevant or transient information.
  • 3. Foster open-mindedness: Actively seek out diverse perspectives and engage in respectful discussions with those who hold different views. By doing so, you expand your understanding of various topics and strengthen your ability to think critically.


Developing the capacity for independent thinking is a lifelong journey that requires conscious effort and a commitment to intellectual growth. By prioritizing merit over authority, honing our attention to focus on enduring knowledge, and embracing open-mindedness, we can navigate the vast sea of information and form beliefs that are grounded in reason and evidence. Through these actionable steps, we empower ourselves to become critical thinkers, capable of making informed decisions and contributing meaningfully to the world around us.

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