The Future of Knowledge and Product Management: Exploring Autonomy and Specialization


Hatched by Glasp

Aug 28, 2023

3 min read


The Future of Knowledge and Product Management: Exploring Autonomy and Specialization

In the realm of knowledge, there is an ongoing debate about what constitutes true understanding. J. Adam Carter argues that knowledge goes beyond justified, true, non-Gettiered belief, and requires an additional component: autonomy. According to Carter, knowledge cannot be acquired through external devices, such as Neuralink’s device, as it prevents us from truly knowing the information. Even if we have a justified belief acquired through the device, it lacks autonomy and therefore does not qualify as knowledge. Carter suggests that autonomy requires a causal history free of compulsion, and a belief is autonomous if it is not acquired in a way that bypasses the subject's cognitive competences and can be easily shed. By incorporating these conditions, Carter provides a comprehensive account of autonomous knowledge.

Similarly, in the field of product management, there is a growing recognition of the need for specialization. The assumption that all product management roles are the same has led to various challenges and limitations. PMs often apply the same tools and approaches to all situations, which hinders their ability to effectively address different problems and reach career progression ceilings. When faced with new product areas, PMs struggle to provide valuable impact and doubt their own skills. Additionally, the lack of recognition for product specializations leads to competing colleagues with different strengths and approaches.

To address these challenges, it is crucial to acknowledge the different types of product work and the need for specialized skills, tools, processes, and success metrics. Fareed and Casey outline four types of product work: feature work, scaling work, product-market fit expansion, and innovation work. Each type requires a specific focus and expertise, allowing PMs to excel in their respective areas. For example, core PMs focus on solving customer pain points, growth PMs focus on the customer journey and business metrics, platform PMs focus on scaling internal platforms and services, and innovation PMs focus on identifying new opportunities for product-market fit.

Just as autonomy is essential for knowledge, specialization is essential for effective product management. PMs need to recognize their strengths and align them with the specific type of product work that best suits their skills and interests. By doing so, they can maximize their impact and contribute to the overall success of the organization. It is important for PMs to continuously learn and adapt to new challenges and opportunities in their specialized areas.

In conclusion, the future of knowledge and product management lies in autonomy and specialization. Autonomous knowledge requires a causal history free of compulsion and a belief that can be easily shed. Similarly, effective product management requires PMs to specialize in specific types of product work and develop the necessary skills and expertise. To thrive in these fields, individuals must embrace autonomy and specialization, continuously learn and adapt, and align their strengths with the unique demands of their roles.

Actionable advice:

  • 1. Embrace autonomy in knowledge acquisition: Instead of relying solely on external devices or sources, strive to develop a deep understanding through personal exploration and critical thinking. Seek to acquire knowledge in a way that aligns with the autonomy condition suggested by Carter.
  • 2. Identify your specialization in product management: Reflect on your strengths, interests, and past experiences to identify the type of product work that best suits you. Focus on developing the specific skills and expertise required for that specialization, and continuously learn and adapt to new challenges and opportunities in your chosen area.
  • 3. Foster collaboration and appreciation for different specializations: Recognize that different PMs have unique strengths and approaches. Instead of competing against one another, foster a collaborative environment where PMs can learn from each other and leverage their diverse skill sets to drive overall success. Appreciate the value that each specialization brings to the organization.

By embracing autonomy and specialization, both in knowledge acquisition and product management, individuals can unlock their full potential and contribute to a future of enhanced understanding and effective product development.

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