Why Sharding is Great: Demystifying the Technical Properties and the 12 Attributes of Above Average People

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Sep 28, 2023

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Why Sharding is Great: Demystifying the Technical Properties and the 12 Attributes of Above Average People

Introduction:

In the world of blockchain technology, scalability, decentralization, and security are three essential properties that developers strive to achieve. However, the scalability trilemma states that it is challenging to have all three properties simultaneously using simple techniques. This is where sharding comes into play. Sharding is a solution that addresses the scalability trilemma and offers the potential for improved blockchain performance. In this article, we will explore the technical properties of sharding and how it can revolutionize the Ethereum ecosystem. Additionally, we will draw inspiration from philosophy to identify twelve attributes of above-average individuals that can be applied to our daily lives.

Sharding and the Scalability Trilemma:

The scalability trilemma suggests that it is difficult to achieve scalability, decentralization, and security simultaneously in blockchain systems. Traditional blockchains, while secure and decentralized, lack scalability. On the other hand, high-TPS chains, which can process a high volume of transactions, sacrifice decentralization. Multi-chain ecosystems offer decentralization and scalability but compromise security. Sharding, however, provides a solution that allows for increased scalability without sacrificing decentralization or security.

Understanding Sharding:

Sharding involves randomly splitting the work of transaction verification among different validators or committees. By distributing the workload, sharding prevents attackers from concentrating their power on a single shard. Each shard becomes responsible for verifying a specific block, ensuring that the entire chain remains secure. However, there are potential vulnerabilities in sharded systems, such as adaptive adversaries and weaker accountability. These weaknesses can be mitigated through continuous research and improvement in security models.

Improving Sharding with Better Security Models:

To replicate the security properties of traditional blockchains, sharding must avoid relying on a 51% trust assumption for validity. Validating computation and data availability are two crucial aspects of improving sharding's security. Validating data availability poses challenges, as distinguishing between honest and malicious publishers or challengers can be difficult. In the case of Ethereum sharding, the plan is to make sharded blocks data-only, leaving the transaction processing capabilities to layer-2 rollups. By combining fraud proofs or ZK-SNARKs with secure data spaces, high-throughput and secure transactions can be achieved.

The Attributes of Above Average People According to Philosophy:

Philosophy offers valuable insights into personal development and achieving excellence. By examining the teachings of ancient philosophers, we can identify twelve attributes of above-average individuals. These attributes can guide us in our pursuit of personal growth and fulfillment.

  • 1. Power over Reactions: Above-average individuals understand the importance of controlling their reactions to external events. They recognize that their response to a situation matters more than the situation itself.
  • 2. Happiness as a Decision: Happiness is not a destination but a decision. Above-average individuals give themselves permission to be happy and take responsibility for their own well-being.
  • 3. Active Listening: Listening is a skill that above-average individuals prioritize. They make an effort to truly hear what others say, seeking to understand their perspectives and thoughts.
  • 4. Vivid Direction and Purpose: Above-average individuals have a clear direction in life and a purpose that guides their thoughts and actions. They understand the importance of knowing where they are heading.
  • 5. Kindness: Kindness is seen as a strength rather than a weakness. Above-average individuals believe that there is always an opportunity for kindness, no matter the circumstances.
  • 6. Self-Reliance: Luck is not relied upon by above-average individuals. They understand that true good fortune comes from personal character, intentions, and actions.
  • 7. Intellectual Humility: Above-average individuals accept the limits of their knowledge and are open to learning from others. They seek truth rather than being driven by the need to be right.
  • 8. Contentment: Wealth is a mindset, and above-average individuals understand that true contentment comes from appreciating what they have, rather than constantly seeking more.
  • 9. Willingness to Ask for Help: Above-average individuals are not ashamed to ask for help. They recognize that seeking assistance takes strength and is essential for growth.
  • 10. Responsibility: Above-average individuals take full responsibility for their lives. They understand that they have the power to shape their own destiny through their actions.
  • 11. Focus: Above-average individuals protect their focus and prioritize their attention. They recognize the value of directing their energy towards what truly matters.
  • 12. Love: Love for others is a defining characteristic of above-average individuals. They understand the importance of sharing love and building meaningful connections with others.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Practice self-awareness and consciously choose your reactions to external events. Focus on maintaining a positive mindset and finding solutions instead of dwelling on problems.
  • 2. Take time to reflect on your purpose and set clear goals for yourself. Ensure that your actions align with your values and long-term aspirations.
  • 3. Cultivate kindness in your daily interactions. Look for opportunities to show empathy, compassion, and understanding towards others.

Conclusion:

Sharding offers a promising solution to the scalability trilemma in blockchain technology. By randomly distributing the workload among validators, sharding allows for increased scalability without compromising decentralization and security. However, ongoing research and improvement in security models are necessary to address potential vulnerabilities. In our personal lives, we can draw inspiration from philosophy to develop attributes that contribute to above-average individuals. By practicing self-awareness, kindness, responsibility, and other key attributes, we can strive for personal growth and fulfillment.

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