The Truth About Leveraged ETFs: Debunking the Myths and Unveiling the Strategies

Alessio Frateily

Hatched by Alessio Frateily

Dec 25, 2023

4 min read


The Truth About Leveraged ETFs: Debunking the Myths and Unveiling the Strategies


Leveraged ETFs have long been a subject of debate and skepticism among investors. Critics argue that these investment vehicles are not suitable for long-term buy and hold strategies, citing concerns about volatility drag and fees. However, a closer examination of leveraged ETFs reveals that their potential benefits and drawbacks are often misunderstood. In this article, we will debunk the myth surrounding leveraged ETFs and explore strategies such as dollar-cost averaging (DCA) to maximize their potential.

Understanding Volatility Drag:

The notion of volatility drag is often used to discourage investors from considering leveraged ETFs for long-term investments. Volatility drag refers to the negative impact of daily market volatility on the returns of leveraged ETFs. This phenomenon occurs due to the compounding effect of daily returns. For example, if the market experiences a 5% gain followed by a 5% loss, the net result for an unleveraged ETF would be a breakeven point. However, a leveraged ETF would suffer a slight loss due to the compounding effect. While volatility drag is a valid concern, it does not necessarily render leveraged ETFs unsuitable for long-term holding.

Exploring Leverage Multipliers:

To understand the impact of leverage on the performance of leveraged ETFs, it is crucial to examine the leverage multipliers and their relationship with volatility drag. Leveraged ETFs promise returns that are a multiple of the benchmark return on a daily basis. This multiple can be any number, including 1. Even ETFs with a leverage of 1 (no leverage) experience volatility drag, albeit to a lesser extent. Therefore, the argument that any leverage beyond 1 is bound to lead to losses is not entirely accurate.

Optimal Leverage and Market Returns:

Contrary to popular belief, leveraged ETFs can be suitable for long-term holding if the market generates sufficient returns to offset volatility drag. Extensive research and simulations have shown that the optimal leverage for most markets in recent times is around 2. This means that a leveraged ETF with a 2x multiplier would offer the best risk-adjusted returns. However, it is essential to note that there are variations among different markets and time frames. While some markets may reward leverages up to 3, none have shown favorable outcomes for a leverage of 4. Therefore, finding the right balance between leverage and market conditions is crucial for long-term success with leveraged ETFs.

The Impact of Fees:

One significant drawback of leveraged ETFs is the impact of fees on returns. Most leveraged ETFs with leverage greater than 1 charge an annual fee of approximately 1%. This fee drag can significantly erode long-term returns, making it essential for investors to consider the cost efficiency of these funds before committing to them. Additionally, leveraged ETFs are also prone to tracking error, which means they may not precisely match their target returns on a daily basis. Investors should be aware of these factors and carefully assess the potential impact on their overall investment strategy.

Dollar-Cost Averaging and Leveraged ETFs:

Dollar-cost averaging (DCA) is a popular investment strategy that involves regularly investing a fixed amount of money into an asset over an extended period. Some investors wonder if DCA can be applied to leveraged ETFs to potentially enhance returns. Research and simulations have shown that DCA can indeed be a viable strategy when applied to leveraged ETFs, especially in markets that generate sufficient returns to overcome volatility drag. By consistently investing over time, investors can take advantage of market fluctuations and potentially accumulate more shares at lower prices. However, it is crucial to carefully consider the risks and rewards associated with leveraged ETFs before implementing DCA.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Understand the Risks: Before considering leveraged ETFs for long-term holding, investors must thoroughly understand the risks involved, including volatility drag, fees, and tracking error. Conducting thorough research and consulting with financial advisors can help in making informed investment decisions.
  • 2. Determine Optimal Leverage: Assessing the optimal leverage for a specific market and time frame is crucial to maximize the potential returns of leveraged ETFs. Utilize historical data, simulations, and expert analysis to identify the leverage multiplier that offers the best risk-adjusted returns.
  • 3. Consider Cost Efficiency: Evaluate the impact of fees and tracking error on long-term returns. Comparing different leveraged ETFs and assessing their cost efficiency can help in selecting the most suitable funds for your investment strategy.


While leveraged ETFs have garnered a reputation for being unsuitable for long-term holding, it is essential to separate the myths from the realities. Volatility drag and fees are valid concerns, but with careful consideration and proper strategies, leveraged ETFs can be viable options for investors seeking enhanced returns. By understanding the risks, determining optimal leverage, and considering cost efficiency, investors can make informed decisions and potentially benefit from the unique opportunities leveraged ETFs offer.

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