Calculus 3 - Intro To Vectors | Summary and Q&A

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August 23, 2018
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The Organic Chemistry Tutor
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Calculus 3 - Intro To Vectors

TL;DR

Vectors have both magnitude and direction, while scalars only have magnitude. Scalar quantities include speed and temperature, while vector quantities include velocity and force. Vectors can be represented using component form or standard unit vectors.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is the difference between a vector quantity and a scalar quantity?

A vector quantity has both magnitude and direction, while a scalar quantity only has magnitude. Examples of vector quantities include velocity and force, while examples of scalar quantities include speed and temperature.

Q: Can you provide an example of a vector quantity and its corresponding magnitude and direction?

Yes, velocity is a vector quantity. For example, a car traveling at 50 miles per hour in a northeast direction has a magnitude of 50 miles per hour and a direction of northeast.

Q: What is the significance of unit vectors?

Unit vectors have a magnitude of one and represent direction in a coordinate system. They can be used to express any vector in terms of their components along the coordinate axes.

Q: How can you add vectors graphically?

To add vectors graphically, place the initial point of the second vector at the terminal point of the first vector, connecting them head to tail. The resulting vector is drawn from the initial point of the first vector to the terminal point of the second vector.

Q: How can you find the unit vector of a given vector?

To find the unit vector of a given vector, divide the vector by its magnitude. This will result in a vector with a magnitude of one, representing the direction of the original vector.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Vectors have both magnitude and direction, while scalars only have magnitude.

  • Scalar quantities include speed and temperature, while vector quantities include velocity and force.

  • Vectors can be represented using component form or standard unit vectors.

  • Unit vectors have a magnitude of one and represent direction in a coordinate system.

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