Integral of tan^5(x)  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
This video explains how to find the antiderivative of tangent to the fifth power of X by utilizing trigonometric identities and usubstitution.
Key Insights
 π Taking out a tangent squared term in the expression helps simplify the integral by utilizing the Pythagorean identity.
 π₯ Splitting integrals and applying usubstitution allows for simplification of complex expressions.
 β The Pythagorean identity (1 + tangent squared = secant squared) is a useful tool in solving trigonometric integrals.
 π Usubstitution is a powerful technique for simplifying integrals with complex functions.
 π Trigonometric identities can be used to manipulate and simplify expressions involving trigonometric functions.
 βΊοΈ The antiderivative of tangent to the fifth power of X involves a combination of usubstitution and trigonometric identities.
 π Careful algebraic manipulation is necessary to break down and solve the complex integral expression.
Transcript
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Questions & Answers
Q: What is the first step in finding the antiderivative of tangent to the fifth power of X?
The first step is to rewrite the expression by taking out a tangent squared term using the Pythagorean identity and replacing it with secant squared minus 1.
Q: How are the integrals of tangent cubed with secant squared and tangent cubed on their own handled differently?
The integral of tangent cubed with secant squared is split into two separate integrals, while the integral of tangent cubed is left as is.
Q: What trigonometric identity is used to simplify the expression further?
The Pythagorean identity is used to replace tangent squared with secant squared minus 1.
Q: How is the integral of tangent X simplified using usubstitution?
By substituting u for tangent X and using the corresponding derivative, the integral of tangent X becomes the natural log of secant X.
Summary & Key Takeaways

By using the Pythagorean identity (1 + tangent squared = secant squared), we can replace tangent squared with secant squared minus 1 in the integral expression.

The integral of tangent to the third power times secant squared can be broken down into two separate integrals.

Usubstitution is used to simplify the integrals, resulting in the final answer of 1/4 tangent to the fourth power minus 1/2 tangent squared plus the natural log of secant X.