Complex Variables Trigonometric Identity Proof sin^2(z) + cos^2(z) = 1  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
This video provides a proof of the equation sine squared of Z plus cosine squared of Z equals 1 for complex numbers.
Key Insights
 👨💼 The definitions of sine and cosine for complex numbers involve exponential functions.
 😑 The proof uses algebraic properties and shortcuts to simplify the expression.
 🤘 Cancelations occur when terms with opposite signs are combined.
 🍵 The proof demonstrates how to handle complex numbers in trigonometric equations.
 🧑🏭 It is important to distinguish between sine and cosine definitions due to the presence of an additional factor of I.
 😒 Mathematicians often use shorthand methods to simplify calculations.
 😑 Distributing a negative sign and finding a common denominator can be useful in rearranging expressions.
Questions & Answers
Q: What is the definition of cosine for complex numbers?
The cosine of a complex number Z is given by e to the I Z plus e to the negative I Z all over 2.
Q: How is the definition of sine for complex numbers different from cosine?
The definition of sine for complex numbers is e to the I Z minus e to the negative I Z all over 2, and it involves an additional factor of I.
Q: How does the proof simplify the expression sine squared Z plus cosine squared Z?
The proof applies algebraic properties, such as the square of a sum, to expand and simplify the expression step by step.
Q: How does the proof conclude?
By rearranging and canceling terms, the proof shows that the expression simplifies to 1, proving the equation for complex numbers.
Summary & Key Takeaways

The video presents the definitions of sine and cosine for complex numbers.

The proof starts by writing down the left hand side of the equation and replacing sine and cosine with their complex number definitions.

Math operations are applied to simplify the expression and eventually show that the left hand side equals 1.