Discover Stanford For You: Educational Opportunity In A Changing City | Summary and Q&A

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September 21, 2021
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Stanford
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Discover Stanford For You: Educational Opportunity In A Changing City

TL;DR

Professor Francis Pearman discusses the impact of gentrification on underinvested schools, highlighting declining enrollment, disparities in discipline, and challenges in academic achievement.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How prevalent is gentrification in urban schools?

Gentrification in urban schools is relatively rare, with about 4% of urban schools experiencing gentrification. However, rates vary depending on the city, with some cities having higher rates than others.

Q: How does gentrification impact enrollment in urban schools?

Gentrification leads to declining enrollment in urban schools, especially among Latinx and economically disadvantaged students. There is also a disproportionate effect on neighborhoods of color, increasing the likelihood of gentrification.

Q: Does gentrification affect discipline patterns in schools?

Yes, gentrification can affect discipline patterns, particularly an increase in suspensions among different racial groups. Disparities in discipline also become more prominent in gentrifying areas.

Q: What is the impact of gentrification on academic achievement?

The impact of gentrification on academic achievement is mixed. There are positive effects on math achievement for elementary students but negative effects on math achievement for adolescents. Reading achievement is generally not affected by gentrification.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Gentrification is relatively rare in urban schools, but its impact is significant for schools located in disinvested neighborhoods.

  • Gentrification leads to declining enrollment, particularly among Latinx and economically disadvantaged students in gentrifying areas.

  • Disciplinary patterns are also affected by gentrification, with an increase in suspensions and disparities among different racial groups.

  • Academic achievement is mixed, with positive effects on math achievement in elementary students but negative effects in adolescents.

  • Urban schools and policy context can influence gentrification and its effects, with school closures and school choice policies playing a role.

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