Worked example: estimating sin(0.4) using Lagrange error bound  AP Calculus BC  Khan Academy  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
The video explains how to use a Maclaurin polynomial to estimate sine and determine the degree needed to achieve a specific error bound.
Questions & Answers
Q: What is a Maclaurin polynomial and how is it used in approximation?
A Maclaurin polynomial is a special case of a Taylor polynomial, centered at zero. It is used to approximate a function by expanding it as a power series around zero and selecting a finite number of terms in the series.
Q: What is the remainder in polynomial approximation?
The remainder in polynomial approximation is the difference between the actual value of the function and the value obtained from the polynomial approximation. It quantifies the error introduced by the approximation.
Q: How can the Lagrange error bound be applied to estimate the remainder?
The Lagrange error bound, also known as Taylor's Remainder Theorem, provides an upper bound on the remainder in terms of the (n+1)th derivative of the function. By ensuring the absolute value of the (n+1)th derivative is bounded over a given interval, the remainder can be bounded as well.
Q: How do you determine the minimum degree of a polynomial to achieve a specific error bound?
By evaluating the remainder expression using different degrees of the polynomial, one can determine the smallest degree that guarantees an error smaller than the specified bound. This involves substituting the value of x into the remainder expression and comparing it to the desired error bound.
Summary & Key Takeaways

The video discusses using an nth degree Maclaurin polynomial to approximate a function.

It introduces the concept of the remainder in polynomial approximation.

The problem of estimating the sine of 0.4 is used as an example to determine the minimum degree of the polynomial needed to achieve an error smaller than 0.001.