Stanford EE259 I MIMO imaging radar, direction of arrival est, target detection I 2023 I Lecture 13  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
This analysis explores the signal model and processing techniques used in FMCW radar for range and velocity estimation.
Questions & Answers
Q: What are the two main types of waveforms used in FMCW radar?
The two main types of waveforms used in FMCW radar are pulse radar and continuous wave radar.
Q: How do we estimate range using FMCW radar?
Range estimation is done by taking the Fourier transform of the IF signal and identifying peaks corresponding to target range.
Q: What is the significance of the phase difference between consecutive chirps in FMCW radar?
The phase difference between consecutive chirps can be used to estimate the Doppler shift and subsequently the radial velocity of the target.
Q: How is velocity estimation affected by the frame duration in FMCW radar?
The frame duration affects the velocity resolution and maximum detectable velocity. A longer frame duration improves resolution but reduces the maximum detectable velocity.
Summary & Key Takeaways

FMCW radar uses pulse and continuous waveforms to estimate range and velocity. It commonly uses FMCW radar for autonomous robotics applications.

Range estimation is done by taking the Fourier transform of the intermediate frequency signal and finding peaks corresponding to target range.

Velocity estimation is done by calculating the phase difference between consecutive chirps and estimating the Doppler shift, which is then converted to radial velocity.