The rise of Xi Jinping, explained | Summary and Q&A

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January 20, 1970
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The rise of Xi Jinping, explained

TL;DR

Xi Jinping strategically climbed the ranks of the Chinese Communist Party, culminating in his role as the most powerful leader since Mao, with unchecked authority and control over China.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How did the unveiling of the new leadership at the National Congress in 2022 signify Xi Jinping's power?

The unveiling of the new leadership at the National Congress in 2022 confirmed Xi Jinping's position as the head of the party for another five years. It also revealed a Politburo Standing Committee entirely composed of individuals loyal to Xi, further consolidating his power.

Q: What role did Mao Zedong play in Xi Jinping's life?

Mao Zedong's actions as the leader of China, including the disastrous Cultural Revolution, profoundly impacted Xi Jinping's life. Mao's policies led to the exile and hard labor of Xi's father, and Xi draws upon Mao's playbook in his own leadership style.

Q: How did Xi Jinping strategically position himself within the party?

Xi Jinping strategically moved around to different party leadership positions in rural provinces, where competition was slim. This allowed him to gain credibility as a hard-working, humble leader, and cultivate support from both the military and civilian sides.

Q: How did Xi Jinping solidify his control over the party and the military?

Xi Jinping launched a major anti-corruption campaign, targeting rivals and removing them from power. He replaced these vacant positions with his own supporters, ensuring that his influence extended over both the party and the military.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Xi Jinping, the current president of China, emerged as the head of the party following the removal of China's presidential term limit, suggesting a potential plan to stay in power for life.

  • Xi's connection to Mao Zedong, the founder of the People's Republic of China, is evident in his leadership style, drawing from Mao's playbook and having experienced the negative impacts of Mao's regime as a young boy.

  • Xi strategically positioned himself by working in various party leadership positions in the countryside, gaining support and credibility as a hard-working leader.

  • Xi's rise to power included a major anti-corruption campaign that resulted in the removal of rivals and the appointment of his own supporters, solidifying his control over both the party and the military.

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