The Blitz (1940-41) | Summary and Q&A

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November 10, 2018
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The Blitz (1940-41)

TL;DR

Germany's bombing campaign, known as the Blitz, targeted civilian areas in an attempt to break British morale and force surrender.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What was the purpose of Germany's bombing campaign during the Blitz?

The goal of the Blitz was to destroy the RAF and force Britain to surrender by targeting civilian areas and breaking morale.

Q: What measures were taken to protect civilians during an air raid?

During an air raid, civilians were warned by sirens and sought shelter in Anderson or Morrison shelters, or communal shelters like train stations. Air raid wardens and volunteers provided assistance during the attacks.

Q: How did the Blitz impact daily life in Britain?

The Blitz caused families to be separated, ongoing rationing due to food shortages, and strict blackout measures to confuse enemy bombers. It created a constant threat and danger for civilians.

Q: Did the Blitz achieve its intended goal?

No, the Blitz failed to break British morale and instead strengthened their determination to defeat Nazi Germany.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The Blitz was a bombing campaign conducted by Germany from September 1940 to May 1941, targeting various British cities including London, Birmingham, Manchester, and more.

  • During an air raid, people would be warned by loud sirens and seek shelter. Air raid wardens and volunteers would assist in leading people to safety, putting out fires, and rescuing trapped individuals.

  • Life during the Blitz was difficult, with families separated, ongoing rationing, and strict blackout measures. However, the attacks actually strengthened British resolve to defeat Nazi Germany.

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