Cellular respiration | Food and energy in organisms | Middle school biology | Khan Academy | Summary and Q&A

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April 4, 2022
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Cellular respiration | Food and energy in organisms | Middle school biology | Khan Academy

TL;DR

Cellular respiration is the process through which organisms obtain energy from food, and it involves a series of chemical reactions that result in the breakdown of glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide, water, and usable energy.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What is cellular respiration and why is it important?

Cellular respiration is the process by which organisms convert food into energy. It is crucial for providing the energy necessary for all life processes, allowing organisms to carry out their functions and activities.

Q: What are the inputs and outputs of cellular respiration?

The inputs of cellular respiration are glucose (derived from food) and oxygen (from the air we breathe), while the outputs are carbon dioxide and water. The process breaks down the molecules of glucose and oxygen to produce these outputs and usable energy.

Q: What role do mitochondria play in cellular respiration?

Mitochondria are the organelles where most of the chemical reactions of cellular respiration take place. They provide the necessary environment for the reactions to occur, with oxygen as an input and carbon dioxide, water, and energy as outputs.

Q: Are any atoms lost during cellular respiration?

No, no atoms are lost during cellular respiration. The number of each type of atom remains the same on both sides of the reaction equation, indicating that the atoms are rearranged to form carbon dioxide, water, and energy.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Cellular respiration is a vital process that allows organisms to convert food into usable energy.

  • It involves a series of chemical reactions that break down glucose and oxygen, resulting in the production of carbon dioxide, water, and energy.

  • The process begins in the cytosol and continues in the mitochondria.

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