What is the MAGIC RUSSIAN DIAMOND? | Summary and Q&A

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March 1, 2018
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What is the MAGIC RUSSIAN DIAMOND?

TL;DR

Scientists discovered a unique diamond from Russia that is extremely pure and contains nitrogen vacancy centers, which are essential for quantum computing and high sensitivity magnetic sensing.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What makes the magic Russian diamond unique?

The diamond is incredibly pure, with impurities occurring at a rate of one per billion carbon atoms, making it ideal for quantum research. It contains nitrogen vacancy centers, which have unique electron spins.

Q: What are nitrogen vacancy centers and why are they important?

Nitrogen vacancy centers are pairs of impurities in the diamond lattice, consisting of a nitrogen atom and a missing carbon atom. They have electron spins, which are vital for quantum computing and high sensitivity magnetic sensing.

Q: How does the lattice structure of the diamond protect the electron spins?

The diamond lattice acts as a protective cage around the nitrogen vacancy center, shielding it from external influences. This makes the electron spins more stable and easier to control for quantum research.

Q: Can lab-grown diamonds be used for scientific research?

Yes, lab-grown diamonds can be chemically and structurally identical to natural diamonds. Scientists can engineer diamonds with specific rates of impurities for various research purposes, including quantum computing.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Physicists discovered a diamond from Russia that is composed of pure carbon with very few impurities, making it ideal for quantum research.

  • The diamond contains nitrogen vacancy centers, which are pairs of impurities that have unique electron spins and can be used for quantum computing.

  • The sturdy lattice structure of the diamond protects the electron spins from external influences, making it useful for high sensitivity magnetic sensing.

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