Stanford EE259 I Photodetection principles (direct vs. coherent), lidar system arch. I 2023 I Lec 17 | Summary and Q&A

817 views
February 2, 2024
by
Stanford Online
YouTube video player
Stanford EE259 I Photodetection principles (direct vs. coherent), lidar system arch. I 2023 I Lec 17

TL;DR

Lidar uses semiconductor photodiodes that convert photons to electrons for efficient and accurate detection. Responsivity and bandwidth are crucial factors for optimizing performance.

Install to Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Transcripts

Questions & Answers

Q: How do semiconductor photodiodes convert photons to electrical current?

Semiconductor photodiodes absorb incident photons in the depletion region, generating an electron-hole pair. The electric field in the region then separates these charges, producing a photocurrent.

Q: What factors affect the responsivity of a photodiode?

Responsivity is influenced by reflectivity, absorption coefficient, and electron-hole pair recombination efficiency. Higher quantum efficiency and lower reflectivity and recombination lead to higher responsivity.

Q: How does wavelength affect the responsivity of a photodiode?

Responsivity increases linearly with wavelength, meaning higher wavelengths result in higher responsivity. Different materials have different absorption coefficients at specific wavelengths.

Q: What is the relationship between responsivity and Quantum efficiency?

Responsivity is a measure of efficiency and is directly proportional to the Quantum efficiency of the photodiode.

Q: What is dark current, and why is it important?

Dark current is a small current that flows through the photodiode even in the absence of incident light. It acts as a noise source and affects the sensitivity of the device.

Q: How is the minimum detectable optical power determined?

The minimum detectable optical power, or Pmin, is usually set at the power corresponding to the dark current. This ensures that the device can accurately detect low levels of optical power.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Lidar uses semiconductor photodiodes with a pin diode structure to convert photons to electrons via the photoelectric effect.

  • Responsivity is the measure of efficiency in converting optical input to electrical output, while bandwidth determines the device's response to changes in optical input.

  • Responsivity depends on the ratio of electron flux to photon flux, while bandwidth needs to be optimized for specific applications.

  • Quantum efficiency, reflectivity, absorption coefficient, and electron-hole pair recombination affect responsivity.

  • Absorption coefficients vary with semiconductor materials and wavelengths.

Share This Summary 📚

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on:

Explore More Summaries from Stanford Online 📚

Summarize YouTube Videos and Get Video Transcripts with 1-Click

Download browser extensions on: