L15.4 Instantaneous energy eigenstates and Schrodinger equation  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
Adiabatic evolution in quantum mechanics allows a system to remain in the same quantum state as it changes over time, except for additional phases known as the Berry phase. This concept is explored in relation to the adiabatic theorem, which approximates the behavior of the system.
Questions & Answers
Q: What is the significance of adiabatic evolution in quantum mechanics?
Adiabatic evolution allows a system to remain in the same quantum state as it changes over time. This is important in understanding the behavior of quantum systems under varying conditions.
Q: What are instantaneous eigenstates?
Instantaneous eigenstates are eigenstates at every instant of time. They are used to approximate the behavior of the system in the adiabatic approximation.
Q: What is the adiabatic theorem?
The adiabatic theorem states that, under certain conditions, a quantum system will closely follow the instantaneous eigenstate as it changes over time, up to a dynamical phase and the Berry phase.
Q: How does the adiabatic approximation relate to the adiabatic theorem?
The adiabatic approximation is a method used to solve the Schrodinger equation by using the instantaneous eigenstates. It is a way of approximating the behavior described by the adiabatic theorem.
Summary & Key Takeaways

Adiabatic evolution in quantum mechanics involves a system remaining in the same quantum state as it changes over time, with the addition of a phase called the Berry phase.

Instantaneous eigenstates, which are eigenstates at every instant of time, are used to approximate the behavior of the system in the adiabatic approximation.

The adiabatic theorem states that, under certain conditions, the system will closely follow the instantaneous eigenstate, up to a dynamical phase and the Berry phase.