Increasing political battles over slavery in mid 1800s | US History | Khan Academy | Summary and Q&A

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September 10, 2015
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Increasing political battles over slavery in mid 1800s | US History | Khan Academy

TL;DR

Slavery in the United States has been a contentious issue since its founding, leading to compromises and tensions that eventually sparked the Civil War.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How did the issue of slavery become more contentious with the addition of new territories?

The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and the Texas Revolution in 1836 brought in new territories that could potentially become slave states, leading to debates and conflicts over the expansion of slavery.

Q: What role did compromise play in the escalating tensions related to slavery?

Compromises such as the Compromise of 1820 and Compromise of 1850 attempted to keep a balance of power between free and slave states but angered both slaveowners and abolitionists, leading to stronger resistance and entrenched positions.

Q: How did the Fugitive Slave Act contribute to the intensification of anti-slavery sentiment?

The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 made it a federal offense to not assist in returning escaped slaves to their owners, forcing even those who were morally opposed to slavery to actively participate in its enforcement, leading to strong backlash and support for abolitionism.

Q: How did the election of 1860, specifically the nomination of Abraham Lincoln, contribute to the outbreak of the Civil War?

Abraham Lincoln, a known anti-slavery advocate, being nominated as the Republican Party candidate in the 1860 election heightened Southern fears and further divided the nation, ultimately leading to the secession of Southern states and the start of the Civil War.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Slavery in the United States was present from the early 1800s and became more prominent with the addition of new territories and states.

  • The Compromise of 1820 and Compromise of 1850 attempted to address the issue of slavery but ultimately failed to provide a long-term solution.

  • The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 created anger and resistance among abolitionists in the North, leading to a stronger anti-slavery sentiment.

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