The Hittite Empire and the Battle of Kadesh | Early Civilizations | World History | Khan Academy | Summary and Q&A

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January 25, 2017
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The Hittite Empire and the Battle of Kadesh | Early Civilizations | World History | Khan Academy

TL;DR

The Hittites were a significant Indo-European civilization in Anatolia who used iron technology and engaged in conflicts with other ancient civilizations, particularly the Egyptians.

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Questions & Answers

Q: Who were the Hittites and where did they settle?

The Hittites were Indo-European people who settled and conquered Anatolia, which is modern-day Turkey. They were referred to as the Hittites because they settled in a region known as Hatti.

Q: What makes the Hittites significant in history?

The Hittites were significant because they were one of the first civilizations to use iron and were known for their charioteering skills. They also engaged in conflicts with various ancient civilizations, especially the Egyptians.

Q: What was the significance of the Battle of Kadesh?

The Battle of Kadesh was a significant conflict between the Hittites and the Egyptians. It is known for being the earliest battle with detailed accounts of tactics and strategy. It ended in a stalemate and led to the Egyptian-Hittite Peace Treaty.

Q: What was unique about the Egyptian-Hittite Peace Treaty?

The Egyptian-Hittite Peace Treaty, considered one of the earliest in history, aimed to establish permanent peace between the two empires. It was written in both Hittite and Egyptian scripts, providing a symmetrical account of the treaty.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The Hittites were Indo-European people who settled and conquered Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) in the second millennium BCE.

  • They were known for being great charioteers and were one of the first civilizations to use iron.

  • The Hittites engaged in conflicts with various ancient civilizations, including the Egyptians, and the Battle of Kadesh was one of the significant conflicts between them.

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