Functions Of The Ingredients Of Cement - Important Engineering Materials - Engineering Chemistry 1 | Summary and Q&A

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April 3, 2022
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Functions Of The Ingredients Of Cement - Important Engineering Materials - Engineering Chemistry 1

TL;DR

The functions of different ingredients in cement, such as lime, silica, alumina, iron oxides, sulphur trioxide, and alkalis, greatly impact the setting, hardening, strength, color, and soundness of the cement.

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Questions & Answers

Q: Why is lime an important ingredient in cement?

Lime is a principal constituent of cement and influences its strength. However, it needs to be used in the correct proportion, as excessive lime can reduce the strength of the cement.

Q: How does silica contribute to the strength of cement?

Silica reacts with lime to form calcium silicates (C2S and C3S), which play a crucial role in the development of cement's strength. The combination of lime and silica provides the desired strength.

Q: What role does alumina play in cement?

Alumina reacts with lime to form tricalcium aluminate (C3A), which affects the setting properties of cement. It is important to have the correct quantity of C3A for the ideal rate of setting.

Q: How do iron oxides impact cement?

Iron oxides contribute to the color, strength, and hardness of cement. They are present in minimal quantities (2-3%), but they are crucial for the overall quality of the cement.

Q: What is the function of sulphur trioxide in cement?

Sulphur trioxide provides soundness to the cement, which refers to good setting properties and volume. It should be used in proper proportions to maintain the desired soundness.

Q: How do alkalis affect cement?

Alkalis can cause the cement to effloresce, which means it will have good volume, color, and soundness. Small amounts of alkalis present in water contribute to this effect.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Cement is made up of different compounds, and the proportions of these compounds are crucial for the properties of cement, such as setting and hardening.

  • Lime is a principal constituent of cement and greatly influences its strength, but it needs to be used in the correct proportion.

  • Silica reacts with lime to form calcium silicates, which play an important role in the development of cement's strength.

  • Alumina reacts with lime to form tri calcium aluminate, which affects the setting properties of cement.

  • Iron oxides contribute to the color, strength, and hardness of cement.

  • Sulphur trioxide affects the soundness of cement, ensuring good setting properties and volume.

  • Alkalis can cause the cement to effloresce, leading to good volume, color, and soundness.

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