13. Review: The visual and oculomotor systems | Summary and Q&A

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October 28, 2014
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13. Review: The visual and oculomotor systems

TL;DR

This analysis provides an overview of the visual system, covering topics such as the basic wiring of the visual system, color vision, depth perception, and eye movement control.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What are the main structures involved in the visual system?

The main structures involved in the visual system are the retina, lateral geniculate nucleus, and visual cortex.

Q: How is color vision achieved?

Color vision is achieved through different types of photoreceptors in the retina, including cones that respond to specific wavelengths of light. Complementary colors and color circles can also influence color perception.

Q: What cues are involved in depth perception?

Binocular cues, such as stereopsis and motion parallax, provide information about depth. Monocular cues, such as shading, interposition, size, and perspective, also contribute to depth perception.

Q: What regions in the brain control eye movements?

Regions such as the superior colliculus, visual cortex (V1), frontal eye fields, and medial eye fields play important roles in eye movement control.

Q: How does the accessory optic system contribute to vision?

The accessory optic system stabilizes the eyes during movements by adjusting the eye position with respect to the visual scene. It helps prevent blurring of the visual scene during motion.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The visual system consists of various structures, such as the retina, lateral geniculate nucleus, and visual cortex, that work together to process visual information.

  • Color vision is achieved through different types of photoreceptors in the retina and the perception of complementary colors.

  • Depth perception is facilitated by binocular cues, such as stereopsis and motion parallax, as well as monocular cues, such as shading and interposition.

  • Eye movement control involves multiple regions in the brain, including the superior colliculus, visual cortex, and frontal eye fields, which play specific roles in generating eye movements.

  • The accessory optic system helps stabilize the eyes during movements and prevents blurring of the visual scene.

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