Lec12: Evolution and the development and plasticity of behavior, part 1 | Summary and Q&A

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October 19, 2023
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Lec12: Evolution and the development and plasticity of behavior, part 1

TL;DR

Animals possess basic movement abilities and support systems to maintain stability in their internal environment, space, and time.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What are the basic movement abilities of animals?

Animals have multipurpose movement abilities including locomotion, orientation, and grasping. These abilities are found in various species, from protozoa to primates.

Q: Are these basic movement abilities also present in invertebrates?

Yes, even invertebrates possess these basic movement abilities. In fact, invertebrates can demonstrate these abilities even without a forebrain, as they are controlled by the midbrain.

Q: What are the three types of stabilities underlying all behavior?

The three types of stabilities are stability of the internal environment, stability in space, and stability in time. These stabilities help animals maintain balance, direction, and regular bodily functions.

Q: What is the role of the forebrain in behavior?

The forebrain is most important for stability in time and the motivations behind various multipurpose movements. It controls the motivation and persistence of behavior, providing unity to an animal's current behavior.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Animals, from single-celled organisms to primates, have multipurpose movement abilities such as locomotion, orientation, and grasping.

  • Invertebrates also possess these basic movement abilities, even without a forebrain, but the forebrain is involved in the motivations behind these movements.

  • The three types of stabilities underlying all behavior are stability of the internal environment, stability in space, and stability in time.

  • A forebrain is most important for stability in time, while the midbrain controls locomotion, orienting movements, and grasping movements.

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