L10.10 Detection of a Binary Signal  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
Using Bayes rule, we can determine the probability that a certain bit was sent in a digital communication system.
Questions & Answers
Q: What is the purpose of using the Bayes rule in communication systems?
The Bayes rule allows us to determine the probability that a certain bit was sent based on the observed measurement, considering the presence of noise in the communication channel.
Q: How is the prior probability of the unknown variable determined?
In this scenario, the prior probability is equal to 1/2 for each possible value of the unknown variable, since they are assumed to be equally likely.
Q: How is the conditional density of the observed variable calculated?
The conditional density of the observed variable depends on the value of the unknown variable. If it is +1, the observed variable is a normal distribution with a mean of +1. If it is 1, the observed variable is a normal distribution with a mean of 1.
Q: What does the final expression obtained using Bayes rule represent?
The final expression, 1 divided by 1 plus e to the minus 2y, represents the probability that a +1 bit was sent given the observed value of y.
Summary & Key Takeaways

The content discusses the application of Bayes rule in a communication system where a discrete unknown random variable is corrupted by additive noise.

The goal is to guess which bit was sent based on the observed measurement, and the assumption is made that the noise is a standard normal random variable.

The content explains how to calculate the conditional probability of the unknown variable given the observed value using the prior probability, conditional density, and denominator terms in the Bayes rule formula.