The Cuban Missile Crisis Explained In 20 Minutes | Best Cold War Documentary | Summary and Q&A

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June 4, 2021
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The Cuban Missile Crisis Explained In 20 Minutes | Best Cold War Documentary

TL;DR

The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day standoff between the United States and the Soviet Union, where the world faced the threat of nuclear war, ultimately resolved by a negotiated deal.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How did the Cuban Revolution and the rise of Fidel Castro impact the Cold War?

The Cuban Revolution, led by Fidel Castro, resulted in Cuba aligning with the Soviet Union and posed a new threat to the United States in the form of the deployment of nuclear missiles.

Q: Why did President Kennedy choose a naval blockade rather than air strikes during the Cuban Missile Crisis?

President Kennedy chose a naval blockade to prevent further Soviet shipments, as it was seen as a less provocative option and allowed for negotiations without immediately escalating the situation into war.

Q: How did the Cuban Missile Crisis impact the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union?

The Cuban Missile Crisis led to increased communication measures between the two superpowers, such as the installation of a hotline between the White House and the Kremlin, in order to avoid misunderstandings and prevent a similar crisis in the future.

Q: What were the consequences of the Cuban Missile Crisis for Fidel Castro and the Cuban Revolution?

While the crisis was ultimately resolved through a negotiated agreement, Fidel Castro was left feeling betrayed, as the deal was made behind his back. This led to a sense of distrust towards the Soviet Union and the realization that Cuba could not solely rely on its support.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • The United States had an advantage in the arms race, maintaining a significant lead in the deployment of nuclear missiles, but the rise of Fidel Castro and the Cuban Revolution changed the dynamics.

  • Castro aligned with the Soviet Union, leading to the deployment of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba, just 90 miles off the American coast.

  • President Kennedy faced the choice of either implementing a naval blockade or launching air strikes, ultimately opting for the blockade, which led to negotiations and a resolution to the crisis.

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