15.1 Momentum and Impulse  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
Momentum is the product of an object's mass and velocity, and Newton's second law can be written as the derivative of momentum with respect to time. Impulse is the change in momentum and is equal to the integral of force over time.
Questions & Answers
Q: What is the formula for calculating momentum?
Momentum is calculated by multiplying the mass of an object with its velocity. The formula is p = mv, where p is momentum, m is mass, and v is velocity.
Q: How can Newton's second law be written in terms of momentum?
Newton's second law can be written as F = dp/dt, where F is the force acting on an object, p is the momentum of the object, and dp/dt is the time derivative of momentum.
Q: What is the definition of impulse?
Impulse is the change in momentum of an object and is equal to the integral of force with respect to time. It represents the total effect of a force acting on an object over a given time interval.
Q: How is average force related to impulse?
Average force can be calculated by dividing the integral of force with respect to time by the duration of the time interval. It represents the constant force that would produce the same change in momentum as the actual varying force.
Summary & Key Takeaways

Momentum is calculated by multiplying an object's mass with its velocity.

Newton's second law can be written as F = dp/dt, where F is the force, p is the momentum, and dp/dt is the time derivative of momentum.

Impulse is the change in momentum and can be calculated as the integral of force with respect to time.