Biology Inheritance Principle part 37 (Mutations) class 12 XII | Summary and Q&A

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May 9, 2015
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Biology Inheritance Principle part 37 (Mutations) class 12 XII

TL;DR

Mutations are changes in the genetic material, such as DNA and chromosomes, that can lead to variations in the next generation. They can be caused by external factors like radiation and chemicals, as well as internal factors like DNA replication errors.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What are mutations?

Mutations are changes in the genetic material, including DNA and chromosomes, that can lead to variations in the next generation. They can occur in the DNA sequence, structure of the DNA, or structure of the chromosome.

Q: How do mutations impact protein synthesis?

Mutations can impact protein synthesis by altering the sequence of bases in DNA or the structure of the chromosome. This, in turn, affects the synthesis of specific proteins, which determine the functions and traits of an individual.

Q: What are some external factors that can cause mutations?

External factors like radiation, chemicals, and smoking can cause mutations. These factors can alter the structure of genes and chromosomes, leading to changes in the genetic material and potential unwanted cell growth.

Q: Can mutations occur due to internal factors?

Yes, mutations can also occur due to internal factors. For example, DNA replication errors during cell division can result in changes in the DNA sequence, leading to the production of different proteins and altered traits.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Mutations are changes in the genetic material that can cause variations in the next generation.

  • Mutations can occur in the DNA sequence, structure of the DNA, or structure of the chromosome.

  • External factors like radiation, chemicals, and smoking, as well as internal factors like DNA replication errors, can cause mutations.

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