Lec13: Evolution and the development and plasticity of behavior, part 2 | Summary and Q&A

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October 19, 2023
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Lec13: Evolution and the development and plasticity of behavior, part 2

TL;DR

Animals use various cues, such as visual landmarks, the sun, and the earth's magnetic field, to learn and navigate their environment.

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Questions & Answers

Q: How do animals respond to novel stimuli?

Animals respond to novel stimuli through autonomic responses, behavioral changes, and conflict between expected and perceived stimuli.

Q: Why do scientists study simple animals like sea slugs and insects?

Scientists study simple animals because their nervous systems are simpler, they have individually identified cells, and their synaptic connections are similar across individuals.

Q: What is classical conditioning?

Classical conditioning is a type of learning where an unconditioned stimulus is associated with a conditioned stimulus, leading to a conditioned response.

Q: How do animals learn through imitation and mimicry?

Animals learn through imitation by directly imitating the behavior of adults, while mimicry involves learning from observation without immediate rewards.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Animals use habituation and respond to novel stimuli, which can lead to autonomic responses similar to those measured by a lie detector.

  • Scientists often study simple animals like sea slugs and insects because their nervous systems are simpler and have individually identified cells.

  • Classical conditioning involves associating an unconditioned stimulus with a conditioned stimulus, leading to a conditioned response.

  • Animals can learn by imitation or mimicry, where they imitate or mimic the behavior of adults.

  • Navigation in animals involves using different cues like visual landmarks, the sun, and the earth's magnetic field.

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