Biology Air Water Pollution Part 9 (Catalytic converter Automobile) Class 8 VIII | Summary and Q&A

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August 26, 2015
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Biology Air Water Pollution Part 9 (Catalytic converter Automobile) Class 8 VIII

TL;DR

Catalytic converters and the use of CNG can help reduce vehicle emissions and control air pollution.

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Questions & Answers

Q: What are catalytic converters and why are they used in automobiles?

Catalytic converters are small devices fitted in automobiles that convert harmful gases into less harmful ones, reducing emissions. They contain catalysts such as platinum, palladium, or rhodium, which speed up chemical reactions to convert pollutants.

Q: Why is it important to use lead-free petrol or diesel?

Lead interferes with the function of catalytic converters, rendering them ineffective. To ensure catalytic converters can do their job, it is necessary to use lead-free petrol or diesel.

Q: How can reducing sulfur or aromatic content in petrol or diesel help control pollution?

Sulfur and aromatic compounds in petrol or diesel are highly harmful to the environment. By reducing their content, the emission of these pollutants is decreased, leading to a reduction in pollution levels.

Q: Why is it advised to prefer CNG over petrol or diesel?

CNG (compressed natural gas) has several advantages over petrol and diesel, including cost-effectiveness and efficient burning with minimal residue. Converting vehicles to run on CNG instead of petrol or diesel reduces pollution and air quality concerns.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Catalytic converters are small devices fitted in automobiles that convert harmful gases into less harmful ones, reducing emissions.

  • Lead-free petrol or diesel should be used to allow catalytic converters to function properly.

  • Sulfur or aromatic content in petrol or diesel should be reduced to minimize environmental harm.

  • It is advised to prefer CNG over petrol or diesel due to its advantages in reducing pollution.

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