Length Contraction and Time Dilation  Special Relativity Ch. 5  Summary and Q&A
TL;DR
Moving objects experience time dilation, where time appears slower, and length contraction, where distances appear shorter.
Questions & Answers
Q: What is time dilation?
Time dilation refers to the elongation or contraction of time intervals based on the relative motion between two observers. When an object is in motion, time appears slower for that object from the perspective of a stationary observer.
Q: How does length contraction work?
Length contraction describes the phenomenon where moving objects appear shorter in length when observed from a stationary perspective. This occurs due to the stretching effect of Lorentz transformations on spatial distances and the change in measuring positions at different times.
Q: Is there a relationship between time dilation and length contraction?
Time dilation and length contraction are two separate effects that occur in the theory of special relativity. Time dilation compares the time intervals of the same events in different perspectives, while length contraction compares positions at the same time according to the new perspective.
Q: Can time also be contracted?
Yes, there is a concept called "duration contraction" or "time contraction." When viewed from a moving perspective, the duration of time between events at a particular location in space can appear shorter. This can be considered the time equivalent of length contraction.
Summary & Key Takeaways

Time dilation occurs when moving at high speeds relative to an observer, causing time to appear slower for the moving object.

Length contraction is the phenomenon where moving objects appear shorter in length when observed from a stationary perspective.

Time dilation and length contraction are consequences of Lorentz transformations, representing how motion affects the perception of time and distance.