"Unveiling the Truth Behind Growth in Product Management"


Hatched by Glasp

Sep 08, 2023

4 min read


"Unveiling the Truth Behind Growth in Product Management"


In the world of product management, one metric stands above all others: user adoption. The success of a product ultimately hinges on whether people actually use it. Achieving growth requires a multi-disciplinary and data-driven approach that combines product and marketing strategies to maximize user engagement. However, it is important to debunk the myth of exponential hypergrowth and understand the true nature of growth in product management.

The Reality of Growth:

Contrary to popular belief, exponential growth is not the norm for most companies, even those considered "viral" like Facebook and Slack. Real-world data reveals that growth tends to follow a linear pattern, with only the initial stages showing exponential growth. Understanding this quadratic growth model is crucial for product managers seeking to drive sustainable growth.

Key Areas in Growth:

To achieve growth, product managers must focus on key areas such as acquisition, virality, search, paid advertising, affiliate marketing, retention, and engagement. By employing a balanced approach that combines both art and science, product managers can optimize growth strategies and drive user adoption.

The Elephant Curve Phenomenon:

The concept of exponential hypergrowth is a misconception. High-growth companies actually experience quadratic growth, not exponential. This can be explained by the Elephant Curve, which illustrates the different stages of a marketing campaign. Growth initially accelerates as campaigns are optimized but eventually plateaus as audience saturation and declining campaign effectiveness occur.

Marketing-Driven Products and Quadratic Growth:

Marketing-driven products also follow a quadratic growth pattern. When launching a new campaign, there is a period of trial and error to determine the most effective design, messaging, and calls-to-action. Once efficacy is unlocked, the campaign rapidly reaches a natural level of contribution. However, as the campaign declines and customer cancellations increase, growth may sag while still remaining positive. Marketing departments continue to add new campaigns, creating a "wavy quadratic" growth pattern.

Multiple Product Lines and Quadratic Growth:

The Elephant Curve can also be applied to entire product lines. Most products experience slow growth initially, followed by a faster expansion period. However, it is rare for a second product to surpass the growth of the first. Growth naturally declines as the market saturates, even for successful companies like Google, Amazon, and Facebook.

Understanding Virality and Word-of-Mouth:

Virality and word-of-mouth play significant roles in growth. When users invite others, who in turn invite more users, exponential growth occurs. This phenomenon is similar to the spread of biological viruses. Additionally, hot trends can lead to explosive user growth, even without explicit viral or word-of-mouth components. However, markets have limits, and growth eventually plateaus as the majority of potential customers require more convincing or favorable conditions.

The Logistic Curve and Carrying Capacity:

Logistic growth, also known as the Logistic Curve, is a more accurate representation of growth patterns. As a product or market reaches around 25% penetration, growth transitions from exponential to linear. This is due to the finite nature of markets and the increasing demands of the remaining target audience. Eventually, growth levels out at the "carrying capacity," representing full market saturation.

Revenue Growth and Market Dynamics:

While user growth follows a quadratic pattern, revenue growth can vary depending on factors such as product distinctiveness, market competition, and pricing strategies. Companies with strong moats, like Facebook and Google, can consistently raise prices. However, commoditized markets require alternative avenues for growth, such as expanding usage, introducing companion products, or entering new markets.

Actionable Advice for Growth-Oriented Product Managers:

  • 1. Embrace a multi-disciplinary approach: Product managers must balance art and science, combining product and marketing strategies to drive growth.
  • 2. Prioritize word-of-mouth-driven growth: Focus on building features and experiences that naturally encourage users to invite others, as this form of growth is more cost-effective and sustainable.
  • 3. Understand the mechanisms of growth: Continuously analyze and optimize growth strategies, leveraging data to identify patterns and make informed decisions.


The myth of exponential hypergrowth in product management is debunked by the reality of quadratic growth. By understanding the Elephant Curve and the dynamics of growth, product managers can develop effective strategies to drive user adoption and revenue growth. Embracing a multi-disciplinary approach, prioritizing word-of-mouth-driven growth, and continuously analyzing growth mechanisms are key to becoming a successful growth-oriented product manager.

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