The Intersection of Product Teams and Bitcoin: Harnessing Network Effects for Success


Hatched by Glasp

Sep 29, 2023

4 min read


The Intersection of Product Teams and Bitcoin: Harnessing Network Effects for Success


In today's tech-driven world, two seemingly unrelated topics hold significant importance: product teams and the rise of Bitcoin. While product teams focus on delivering valuable outcomes and solving problems, Bitcoin has disrupted traditional concepts of money and introduced decentralized networks. Surprisingly, there are commonalities between these two realms, particularly in the concept of network effects. Understanding and leveraging these network effects can be crucial for the success of both product teams and Bitcoin. Let's delve deeper into these topics and explore how network effects shape their trajectories.

Product Teams: Empowerment and Knowledge

In the tech industry, there are different types of teams, but true product teams stand out. They are cross-functional, comprising product, design, and engineering members. Unlike delivery teams focused solely on output, product teams prioritize outcomes. They are empowered to determine the best approaches to solve problems. However, not all teams enjoy this level of empowerment. Feature teams, for instance, lack deep knowledge of customers, data, and business aspects. Product managers in feature teams are often relegated to facilitator roles, lacking clear responsibilities. The most successful companies embrace the empowered product team model, where knowledge and decision-making are distributed effectively.

Bitcoin and the Power of Belief

Money is fundamentally a collective belief held by many individuals. Historically, hierarchical structures, with an alpha King at the top, have maintained stability and confidence in currencies. Bitcoin, on the other hand, disrupted this model by introducing a decentralized network structure. It eliminated the need for a central authority and relied on the power of belief within the network. Decentralization, software-encoded rules, ubiquity, and resiliency became the pillars of belief network effects for cryptocurrencies. The rise of the internet and blockchain technologies further amplified the spread and density of these beliefs.

Understanding Bitcoin's Network Effects

To comprehend the future of Bitcoin, we must analyze its network effects. Four defensibilities native to the digital age can determine Bitcoin's persistence and value: belief, protocol, marketplace, and platform network effects.

1. Belief Network Effect:

The more people believe in Bitcoin's value, the more valuable it becomes. This self-fulfilling belief network effect solidifies Bitcoin's position as a store of value, especially when layered with other cryptocurrencies.

2. Protocol Network Effect:

As more nodes connect to the Bitcoin protocol, the network effect strengthens. The protocol's ability to adapt and evolve, such as transitioning from proof of work to proof of stake, impacts its long-term survival.

3. Marketplace Network Effect:

Bitcoin creates two forms of marketplace network effects: speculation/store of value and payments. However, the store-of-value marketplace network effect faces challenges as liquidity reaches diminishing returns and multi-tenancy becomes prevalent.

4. Platform Network Effect:

The number of developers actively contributing to Bitcoin's platform determines its network effect strength. More developers enhance the platform's value and sustainability.

Additional Network Effects and Defensibilities

Beyond the core network effects, other factors influence Bitcoin's success:

1. Data Network Effects:

Bitcoin's blockchain creates an immutable history and increases security as the chain of blocks grows. These data network effects provide value and reinforce the network's credibility.

2. Tribal Network Effects:

Tribal networks offer emotional belonging and identity, establishing loyalty within a community. Bitcoin's strong tribal effects contribute to its defensibility.

3. Bandwagon Network Effects:

As the first and most recognizable cryptocurrency, Bitcoin benefits from the bandwagon effect. Early adopters and the worldwide brand amplify its network effect compared to other cryptocurrencies.

Actionable Advice:

  • 1. Foster Empowered Product Teams: Encourage cross-functional collaboration, outcome-driven approaches, and knowledge sharing within product teams. Empower product managers to take ownership and make informed decisions.
  • 2. Leverage Network Effects: Understand the network effects specific to your product or industry. Identify opportunities to strengthen these effects through decentralization, protocol improvements, marketplace expansion, and platform development.
  • 3. Monitor and Adapt: Continuously assess the health of network effects and adapt to changes. Stay vigilant about potential threats, such as faked transactions, responsiveness of the network governance, and government intervention.


The convergence of product teams and Bitcoin reveals the power of network effects in shaping success. Empowered product teams, driven by cross-functional collaboration, deliver value. Similarly, Bitcoin thrives on belief network effects, protocol strength, marketplace dynamics, and platform development. By understanding and leveraging these network effects, both product teams and Bitcoin can navigate the complex landscape of the tech world and achieve sustainable growth and impact.

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