"The Intersection of Science and Social Experiments: Building and Scaling Innovative Products"


Hatched by Glasp

Sep 16, 2023

4 min read


"The Intersection of Science and Social Experiments: Building and Scaling Innovative Products"


In the realm of innovation, two distinct types of experiments have emerged - science experiments and social experiments. These experiments differ in their approach, risks, and timelines. Science experiment products face technical risks and require significant time and capital to bring to market. On the other hand, social experiment products face fewer technical risks but heavily rely on people as key components, presenting unique challenges. In this article, we will explore the characteristics of both types of experiments, the importance of network effects, and how to identify if a marketplace business is supply or demand constrained.

Science Experiments: From Chrysalis to Butterfly

Science experiment products, such as AI, undergo a transformative process similar to a butterfly emerging from a chrysalis. These experiments start with nothing and suddenly blossom into fully formed innovations. They are forged in private, with most of the kinks worked out before entering the public consciousness. However, even after hitting the market, science experiments can fail due to various reasons, including technical limitations, premature release, or difficulties in scaling. Despite these challenges, science experiments like techbio, robotics, and renewable energy have recently shown remarkable progress and unexpected cost structures.

Social Experiments: Building in the Public Eye

In contrast, social experiment products are developed with less technical risk but face the challenges of relying on people as integral components. Unlike science experiments, social experiments are forged in the public eye, with their ups and downs on full display. The success of social experiments hinges on network effects, where the value of the product increases as more people join. This necessitates an initial focus on building a tight-knit community of like-minded individuals who contribute to product development. Hype often becomes a necessary ingredient in driving adoption for social experiment products.

The Cold Start Problem and the Importance of Network Effects

One of the biggest hurdles for social experiments is the Cold Start Problem. It is incredibly difficult to get the right people to use a product in its earliest stages. Many network businesses fail due to this challenge. To combat this, social experiments require strong network effects, where the value of the product attracts more users, creating a virtuous cycle of growth. Companies like Facebook have demonstrated the power of network effects, where users stick around despite product shortcomings. By starting with a small niche and gradually expanding, social experiments can simulate the characteristics of science experiments, making and fixing mistakes with the collective input of dedicated users.

The Future of AI in Web3 and Actionable Advice:

Looking ahead, AI holds immense potential as the ultimate best use case for web3. As AI becomes increasingly powerful and reliant on data, people will need ownership, permission, and benefits from their data. Open AI and decentralized ownership and governance of models will play crucial roles in this space. To navigate the world of science and social experiments effectively, here are three actionable pieces of advice:

  • 1. Embrace hype strategically: Leverage hype to drive adoption for social experiment products, but ensure that the underlying value and functionality live up to the expectations generated.
  • 2. Focus on community building: Prioritize building a tight-knit community of early adopters who can contribute to the development and improvement of the product. Their feedback and support will be instrumental in refining the product.
  • 3. Identify supply or demand constraints: Determine whether your marketplace business is supply or demand constrained. This understanding will help you allocate resources effectively and address the specific challenges hindering growth.


The world of innovation is diverse, with science experiments and social experiments representing two distinct approaches. Understanding the characteristics, risks, and challenges associated with each type is crucial for building and scaling innovative products. By harnessing the power of network effects, embracing hype strategically, and fostering a strong community, entrepreneurs can navigate the complexities of these experiments and drive success in the marketplace business. The future holds exciting possibilities, particularly in the convergence of AI and web3, where decentralized ownership and governance will reshape data utilization and AI models.

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