# Sampling distribution example problem | Probability and Statistics | Khan Academy | Summary and Q&A

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October 27, 2010
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Sampling distribution example problem | Probability and Statistics | Khan Academy

## TL;DR

The video discusses the probability of running out of water on a nature trip based on the average water consumption of men.

## Key Insights

• 🤽‍♂️ The average water consumption of men on a nature trip is 2 liters.
• 🤽‍♂️ The standard deviation of water consumption for men on a nature trip is 0.7 liters.
• 🤽‍♂️ The probability of running out of water is determined by calculating the probability of the average water use per man being greater than 2.2 liters.
• 🟰 The sampling distribution of the sample mean is a normal distribution with a mean equal to the population mean and a standard deviation equal to the population standard deviation divided by the square root of the sample size.

## Transcript

The average male drinks 2 liters of water when active outdoors with the standard deviation of 0.7 liters. You are planning a full day nature trip for 50 men and will bring 110 liters of water. What is the probability that you will run out of water? So let's think about what's happening here. So there's some distribution of how many liters an averag... Read More

## Questions & Answers

### Q: What is the average water consumption of men on a nature trip?

The average water consumption of men on a nature trip is 2 liters, according to the given data.

### Q: What is the standard deviation of water consumption for men on a nature trip?

The standard deviation of water consumption for men on a nature trip is 0.7 liters, as stated in the video.

### Q: How is the probability of running out of water calculated?

The probability of running out of water is calculated by determining the probability that the average water use per man is greater than 2.2 liters. This can be found by converting 2.2 liters to a Z-score and using a Z-table to find the corresponding probability.

### Q: What is the probability of running out of water on the nature trip?

The probability of running out of water on the nature trip is found to be 2.17%.

## Summary & Key Takeaways

• The video explains the concept of the mean and standard deviation of water consumption for men during outdoor activities.

• It discusses the distribution of water consumption and calculates the probability of running out of water by finding the probability that the average water use per man is greater than 2.2 liters.

• The video introduces the concept of the sampling distribution of the sample mean and explains how it differs from the distribution of all men.

• It demonstrates how to calculate the standard deviation of the sample mean and uses it to determine the probability of running out of water on the nature trip.