# Jim Gates: What is Supersymmetry? | AI Podcast Clips | Summary and Q&A

28.0K views
December 26, 2019
by
Lex Fridman
Jim Gates: What is Supersymmetry? | AI Podcast Clips

## TL;DR

Supersymmetry is a mathematical idea that balances the different particles in the universe and fills empty quadrants, but it has not yet been experimentally validated.

## Key Insights

• ⚖️ Supersymmetry is a theory that fills empty quadrants in the universe by introducing particles with balancing properties.
• ▶️ Symmetry plays a dominant role in various areas of science and technology, and breaking symmetry leads to the creation of objects like humans, stars, and planets.
• 👍 Experimental validation is an essential aspect of proving or disproving theories like supersymmetry and Einstein's theory of general relativity.
• 👶 Mathematical ideas in the hands of physicists can be used to construct variations on existing theories and explore new possibilities.

## Transcript

some of the fascinating work you've done is in the space of supersymmetry symmetry in general can you describe first of all what is supersymmetry ah yes so you remember the two buckets I told you about perhaps earlier said there are two buckets in our universe so now I want you to think about drawing a a pie that has four quadrants so I want you to... Read More

### Q: What is supersymmetry and how does it balance particles in the universe?

Supersymmetry is a theory that fills empty quadrants in the universe by introducing particles with properties that balance out existing particles. For example, a force carrier for electromagnetism with electron-like behavior would be placed in an empty quadrant to achieve symmetry.

### Q: Why did the speaker find supersymmetry fascinating and decide to study it?

The speaker found supersymmetry remarkable due to its mathematical elegance and the potential to fill empty quadrants. Being drawn to symmetry in science and technology, the speaker chose to study supersymmetry to explore a direction that others were not studying.

### Q: Is supersymmetry a purely mathematical concept or has it been experimentally tested?

Supersymmetry is primarily a mathematical idea that has not yet been experimentally validated. Although it provides a framework for understanding the balance of particles and forces, further experiments are needed to confirm its existence in the real world.

### Q: How does supersymmetry relate to other groundbreaking physics theories like Einstein's theory of general relativity?

Just like Einstein's theory of general relativity, supersymmetry originated as a mathematical idea that made predictions about the behavior of particles. While general relativity has been experimentally validated, supersymmetry is still awaiting experimental confirmation.

### Q: What is supersymmetry and how does it balance particles in the universe?

Supersymmetry is a theory that fills empty quadrants in the universe by introducing particles with properties that balance out existing particles. For example, a force carrier for electromagnetism with electron-like behavior would be placed in an empty quadrant to achieve symmetry.

## More Insights

• Supersymmetry is a theory that fills empty quadrants in the universe by introducing particles with balancing properties.

• Symmetry plays a dominant role in various areas of science and technology, and breaking symmetry leads to the creation of objects like humans, stars, and planets.

• Experimental validation is an essential aspect of proving or disproving theories like supersymmetry and Einstein's theory of general relativity.

• Mathematical ideas in the hands of physicists can be used to construct variations on existing theories and explore new possibilities.

• Supersymmetry has the potential to provide a deeper understanding of the universe, but its existence needs to be confirmed through experimental evidence.

## Summary & Key Takeaways

• Supersymmetry is a theory that fills empty quadrants in the universe, balancing different particles and forces.

• The idea of symmetry is beautiful in both mathematics and physics, as it aligns with our innate sense of balance.

• Supersymmetry was born in the late 60s but was rediscovered by Western scientists in the early 70s, leading to further exploration and research.