Anthony Pompliano: Bitcoin | Lex Fridman Podcast #171 | Summary and Q&A

March 25, 2021
Lex Fridman Podcast
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Anthony Pompliano: Bitcoin | Lex Fridman Podcast #171


Anthony Pompliano discusses his experiences in the military, the impact of 9/11 on his decision to join, and the changing face of warfare and currency in the age of technology.

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Key Insights

  • 🌍 The conversation covers a wide range of topics including finance, cryptocurrency, technology, and economics.
  • 💡 The focus is on exploring exciting ideas in the space of technologies that could change human civilization and AGI civilization.
  • ❤️ The emphasis is on open-minded, respectful collaboration and learning from different perspectives.
  • 💼 Anthony Pompliano shares his experience of serving in the U.S. Army and how it shaped his perspective on war and conflict.
  • 🚀 The conversation delves into the concept of security and its importance in the world of cryptocurrency, particularly Bitcoin.
  • 💰 The discussion highlights the potential of Bitcoin as a store of value and the shift from traditional assets like gold to digital currencies.
  • 🌐 Bitcoin is seen as a tool that democratizes access to a true store of value and allows individuals to opt out of the traditional financial system.
  • 📈 The trajectory of Bitcoin and cryptocurrency adoption is seen as a market-expanding technology rather than direct competition with traditional currencies like the U.S. dollar.


the following is a conversation with anthony pompliano entrepreneur technology investor prolific writer podcaster and twitter user on topics of finance cryptocurrency technology and economics i highly recommend his popular podcast and daily letter called the pomp podcast and the pomp letter quick thank you to our sponsors there gun muscle recovery ... Read More

Questions & Answers

Q: How did Anthony Pompliano's experiences in the military shape his view on war and conflict?

Pompliano's experiences in the military, including witnessing hatred and being involved in dangerous situations, made him realize the human impacts of war. It shaped his perspective on conflict and the importance of understanding different viewpoints and motivations.

Q: What role does intention play in determining whether people are fundamentally good or bad?

Pompliano believes that intention is important when examining human behavior. While people may have different intentions, it is their actions that truly matter. Separating intention from action allows for a more nuanced understanding of human behavior.

Q: How does Pompliano view bitcoin and its potential role as a currency?

Pompliano sees bitcoin as a store of value and a means to democratize access to a decentralized monetary system. He believes that it provides a peaceful protest and allows individuals to opt out of a system that may not be working for them.

Q: How does Pompliano differentiate between bitcoin maximalism and the importance of innovation in the crypto space?

Pompliano sees the importance of the ideals and ethos behind bitcoin rather than the obsession with the technology itself. He believes in an open-minded approach and the possibility of other technologies emerging as superior, but currently views bitcoin as the best representation of his desired future world.

Q: Can bitcoin overtake the dollar as the dominant currency in the world?

Pompliano suggests that the goal is not necessarily to directly compete with the dollar, but rather to expand the market and provide an alternative store of value. However, he predicts a generational shift and increased adoption of cryptocurrency, particularly amongst the digitally native younger generation.

Q: How does Pompliano view the potential shift from gold to bitcoin as a store of value?

Pompliano believes that there is a shift underway from gold to bitcoin as a store of value. He highlights the decreasing demand for gold, central banks becoming net sellers, and the declining price of gold as indicators of this change. He sees a greater influx of investors and institutions into bitcoin as a result.

Q: Is there a potential for central banks to switch from gold to bitcoin in the future?

Pompliano suggests that central banks could potentially shift from gold to bitcoin due to its digital nature and decentralization, which allows for easier and secure transactions. However, he acknowledges that this is speculative and depends on various factors such as regulatory changes and market dynamics.


In this conversation, Anthony Pompliano, an entrepreneur and technology investor, talks about his experience serving in the U.S. Army and why he joined. He also discusses the impact of 9/11 on his decision and how his time in Iraq changed him. The conversation then shifts to the topics of finance, cryptocurrency, and technology, where Pompliano shares his thoughts on Bitcoin maximalism, the role of intention versus action, and the future of money.

Questions & Answers

Q: Can you share your story of why you joined the Army and what were some memorable experiences from your time in Iraq?

I joined the army at 17 years old after realizing that working in fast food wasn't the path I wanted in life. My decision was influenced by 9/11 and the belief that we should fight back against those who attacked us. Serving in Iraq taught me the realities of war and the hatred that some people have towards us. I also experienced firsthand the dangers of being in combat and the importance of taking the job seriously.

Q: How did the events of 9/11 impact your decision to join the Army?

As an eighth-grader at the time, 9/11 was a pivotal moment that made me aware of the threat of terrorism and the possibility that other countries may not like American ideals. It also made me question America's invulnerability and realize that we needed to take action to protect ourselves.

Q: Did your time in Iraq change your perspective on war and conflict?

Absolutely. Being on the ground and seeing the hatred and disdain in the eyes of some people towards us made me realize that war is not black and white. It's easy to view it clinically, but the reality is that people have valid reasons for fighting back when they feel threatened on their own land. It made me question whether certain wars and military interventions are necessary.

Q: Will conflict and war always exist in the world?

While conflict is inevitable due to differences in ideas, geography, and other factors, the form that war takes can change. We are already seeing a shift towards more clinical and technological warfare, such as cyber warfare and information warfare. This changes the tools and tactics of war, but the underlying presence of conflict remains.

Q: Do you believe people are fundamentally good or bad?

It's difficult to make a generalization because people's intentions and actions can vary. The distinction between intention and action is important when considering whether someone is good or bad. It's also important to understand the motivations behind people's actions, which may not always align with our own beliefs.

Q: Are you a Bitcoin maximalist?

I don't consider myself a Bitcoin maximalist in the traditional sense. I believe in the ideals and ethos behind decentralized protocols and the automation of systems. I see Bitcoin as a part of that world, but I'm open to the idea that other technologies may arise that better achieve those goals.

Q: What is the importance of security in the world of cryptocurrencies?

Security is essential in cryptocurrencies because it ensures trust and reliability. Bitcoin, for example, prioritizes security and decentralization over transaction speed and cost. Other cryptocurrencies may have different trade-offs, but security is a vital aspect of any digital monetary system.

Q: How does Bitcoin compare to other cryptocurrencies, like Ethereum?

Bitcoin's focus on security and store of value sets it apart from other cryptocurrencies that may prioritize transaction speeds or other features. There is a tribalism within the cryptocurrency world, but it is more about different ideas and approaches rather than a strict "one is good, the other is bad" mentality.

Q: Will the future of money be digital and decentralized?

The digitization of money and the move towards decentralized systems is a natural progression. However, it's important to consider the role of security and the store of value as the bedrock of a monetary system. While other layers and innovations can be built on top, an emphasis on security is crucial to establish trust in a digital economy.

Q: How does Bitcoin challenge traditional currencies?

Bitcoin challenges traditional currencies by offering a transparent and decentralized alternative. Its finite supply, programmatic monetary policy, and resistance to manipulation differentiate it from fiat currencies controlled by governments. Bitcoin's performance during macroeconomic events, such as the past year, highlights its potential as a sound store of value.


This conversation covers various topics, including Pompliano's experience in the Army, the impact of 9/11, and the role of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin in the future of money. It emphasizes the importance of understanding different perspectives, the complexity of human nature, and the evolution of warfare. The discussion also highlights the role of security and the store of value in the world of cryptocurrencies, as well as the potential for digital and decentralized systems to reshape the economy.

Summary & Key Takeaways

  • Anthony Pompliano joined the US Army at 17 to pursue a different path in life and was deployed to Iraq.

  • He experienced the hatred and disdain of young children towards the American military, which made him understand the complexities of war.

  • Pompliano believes that conflict will always exist but the form of war is evolving, with a shift towards cyber warfare and digital currency.

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